AUTHOR OF THIS BLOG

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, WORLDDRUGTRACKER
Jul 032015
 

1 TRELAGLIPTIN

 

Trelagliptin succinate (SYR-472)

2-[[6-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-2, 4-dioxopyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-4-fluorobenzonitrile; butanedioic acid

2-[6-[3(R)-Aminopiperidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluorobenzonitrile

2- [ [6- [ (3R) -3-amino-l-piperidinyl] -3, 4-dihydro-3- methyl-2, 4-dioxo-l (2H) -pyrimidinyl]methyl] -4-fluorobenzonitrile

succinic acid salt of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile

Mechanism of action: DPP-4 inhibitor

865759-25-7 cas FREE BASE

1029877-94-8 succinate

  • SYR 111472 succinate
  • SYR 472
  • Syr-472
  • Syr111472 succinate
  • Trelagliptin succinate
  • UNII-4118932Z90

Trelagliptin-succinate M. Wt: 475.47

Trelagliptin-succinate Formula: C22H26FN5O6

SYR-472 is an oral dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor originated by Takeda. It is in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

  • Diabetes affects 25.8 million people of all ages, or roughly 8.3 percent of the U.S. population.
  • The World Health Organization predicts that there will be 366 million people worldwide affected by diabetes by the year 2030.
  • The advent of trelagliptin succinate, a unique once weekly medication for patients with type 2 Diabetes is now the focus of clinical trials and exciting research and development.
  • Phase III clinical trials of trelagliptin succinate commenced in September 2011, and are estimated to be complete by the second half of 2013.

TRELAGLIPTIN (SYR-472)

Trelagliptin is a novel DPP-4 inhibitor that is being developed by Takeda. In contrast to alogliplitin, which is once a day, trelagliptin is a once-weekly oral agent which should provide patients with a convenient therapeutic alternative and has the potential to improve compliance. Takeda has commenced Phase III trials of trelagliptin in Japan for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

Indication (Phase): Japan—Once-weekly oral treatment for type 2 diabetes (Phase III; study expected to be completed in second half of 2013)

trelagliptin succinate

Compound I, A, TRELAGLIPTIN which has the formula:

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00002

is a DPP-IV inhibitor that is described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/080,992 filed Mar. 15, 2005 (see Compound 34). Its dosing, administration and biological activities are described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/531,671 filed Sep. 13, 2006. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/080,992 and Ser. No. 11/531,671 are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature EC.3.4.14.5) (referred herein as “DPP-IV”) is a type II membrane protein and a non-classical serine aminodipeptidase that removes Xaa-Pro dipeptides from the amino terminus (N-terminus) of polypeptides and proteins. DPP-IV is constitutively expressed on epithelial and endothelial cells of a variety of different tissues (e.g., intestine, liver, lung, kidney and placenta), and is also found in body fluids. DPP-IV is also expressed on circulating T-lymphocytes and has been shown to be synonymous with the cell-surface antigen, CD-26. DPP-IV has been implicated in a number of human disease states, including, but are not limit to, diabetes, particularly type II diabetes mellitus, diabetic dislipidemia, conditions of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), conditions of impaired fasting plasma glucose (IFG), metabolic acidosis, ketosis, appetite regulation and obesity; autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis; AIDS; and cancers.

DPP-IV inhibitors are believed to be useful agents for the prevention, delay of progression, and/or treatment of conditions mediated by DPP-IV.

Compound (A) or a salt thereof has been reported as an inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP-IV) , which is an enzyme that decomposes glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) , a hormone increasing insulin secretion (patent document 1) .

In addition, a method including administering 1 – 250 mg of compound (A) or a salt thereof to a patient once per week (patent documents 2, 3), crystal polymorphs of compound (A) (patent documents 4, 5) , and a preparation of compound (A)

(patent documents 6, 7) have also been reported. Compound (A) and a salt thereof are recommended for oral administration in view of the easiness of self-administration, and a tablet, particularly a tablet in the dosage form for administration once per week, is desired. [0006]

The dosage form of once per week is expected to improve drug compliance of patients, whereas it requires supply of compound (A) or a salt thereof to patients in a high dose as compared to, for example, the dosage form of once per day. Since a solid preparation containing compound (A) or a salt thereof in a high dose increases its size, it may conversely degrade the drug compliance for patients, particularly infants and elderly patients having difficulty in swallowing

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SYNTHESIS

Compound 34 IS TRELAGLIPTIN

Figure US20090275750A1-20091105-C00078

4-Fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (31).

A mixture of 2-bromo-5-fluorotoluene (3.5 g, 18.5 mmol) and CuCN (2 g, 22 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was refluxed for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with hexane. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed to give product 31 (yield 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.60 (dd, J=5.6, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.93-7.06 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H).

2-Bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (32).

A mixture of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (2 g, 14.8 mmol), NBS (2.64 g, 15 mmol) and AIBN (100 mg) in CCl4 was refluxed under nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature. The solid was removed by filtration. The organic solution was concentrated to give crude product as an oil, which was used in the next step without further purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.68 (dd, J=5.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (dd, J=2.4, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 4.6 (s, 2H).

Alternatively, 32 was made as follows.

4-Fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (1 kg) in DCE (2 L) was treated with AIBN (122 g) and heated to 75° C. A suspension of DBH (353 g) in DCE (500 mL) was added at 75° C. portionwise over 20 minutes. This operation was repeated 5 more times over 2.5 hours. The mixture was then stirred for one additional hour and optionally monitored for completion by, for example, measuring the amount of residual benzonitrile using HPLC. Additional AIBN (e.g., 12.5 g) was optionally added to move the reaction toward completion. Heating was stopped and the mixture was allowed to cool overnight. N,N-diisopropylethylamine (1.3 L) was added (at <10° C. over 1.5 hours) and then diethyl phosphite (1.9 L) was added (at <20° C. over 30 min). The mixture was then stirred for 30 minutes or until completion. The mixture was then washed with 1% sodium metabisulfite solution (5 L) and purified with water (5 L). The organic phase was concentrated under vacuum to afford 32 as a dark brown oil (3328 g), which was used without further purification (purity was 97% (AUC)).

2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (33).

A mixture of crude 3-methyl-6-chlorouracil (0.6 g, 3.8 mmol), 2-bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (0.86 g, 4 mmol) and K2CO3 (0.5 g, 4 mmol) in DMSO (10 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography. 0.66 g of the product was obtained (yield: 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.73 (dd, J=7.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.11-7.17 (m, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J=2.0, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.034 (s, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C13H9ClFN3O2, 293.68; found 293.68.

Alternatively, 33 was made as follows.

To a solution of 6-chloro-3-methyluracil (750 g) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (998 mL) in NMP (3 L) was added (at <30° C. over 25 min) a solution of 32 (2963 g crude material containing 1300 g of 32 in 3 L of toluene). The mixture was then heated at 60° C. for 2 hours or until completion (as determined, for example, by HPLC). Heating was then stopped and the mixture was allowed to cool overnight. Purified water (3.8 L) was added, and the resultant slurry was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hour and at <5° C. for one hour. The mixture was then filtered under vacuum and the wet cake was washed with IPA (2×2.25 L). The material was then dried in a vacuum oven at 40±5° C. for 16 or more hours to afford 33 as a tan solid (>85% yield; purity was >99% (AUC)).

TFAsalt OF TRELAGLIPTIN

2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (34).

2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (300 mg, 1.0 mmol), (R)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (266 mg, 1.5 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (500 mg, 5.4 mmol) were stirred in a sealed tube in EtOH (3 mL) at 100° C. for 2 hrs. The final compound was obtained as TFA salt after HPLC purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.46 (s, 1H), 5.17-5.34 (ABq, 2H, J 35.2, 15.6 Hz), 3.33-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 2.98-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.82-1.92 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.79 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

FREE BASE OF TRELAGLIPTIN

Alternatively, the free base of 34 was prepared as follows. A mixture of 33 (1212 g), IPA (10.8 L), (R)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (785 g), purified water (78 mL) and potassium carbonate (2.5 kg, powder, 325 mesh) was heated at 60° C. until completion (e.g., for >20 hours) as determined, for example, by HPLC. Acetonitrile (3.6 L) was then added at 60° C. and the mixture was allowed to cool to <25° C. The resultant slurry was filtered under vacuum and the filter cake was washed with acetonitrile (2×3.6 L). The filtrate was concentrated at 45° C. under vacuum (for >3 hours) to afford 2.6 kg of the free base of 34.

HCL salt OF TRELAGLIPTIN

The HCl salt of 34 was prepared from the TFA salt as follows. The TFA salt (34) was suspended in DCM, and then washed with saturated Na2CO3. The organic layer was dried and removed in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in acetonitrile and HCl in dioxane (1.5 eq.) was added at 0° C. The HCl salt was obtained after removing the solvent. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.12-7.26 (m, 2H), 5.47 (s, 1H), 5.21-5.32 (ABq, 2H, J=32.0, 16.0 Hz), 3.35-3.5 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.1 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.83-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.55-1.80 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

Alternatively, the HCl salt was prepared from the free base as follows. To a solution of free base in CH2Cl2 (12 L) was added (at <35° C. over 18 minutes) 2 M hydrochloric acid (3.1 L). The slurry was stirred for 1 hour and then filtered. The wet cake was washed with CH2Cl2 (3.6 L) and then THF (4.8 L). The wet cake was then slurried in THF (4.8 L) for one hour and then filtered. The filter cake was again washed with THF (4.8 L). The material was then dried in a vacuum oven at 50° C. (with a nitrogen bleed) until a constant weight (e.g., >26 hours) to afford 34 as the HCl salt as a white solid (1423 g, >85% yield).

Succinate salt OF TRELAGLIPTIN

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00001

The succinate salt of 34 was prepared from the HCl salt as follows. To a mixture of the HCl salt of 34 (1414 g), CH2Cl2 (7 L) and purified water (14 L) was added 50% NaOH solution (212 mL) until the pH of the mixture was >12. The biphasic mixture was stirred for 30 min and the organic layer was separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 (5.7 L) and the combined organic layers were washed with purified water (6 L). The organic layer was then passed through an in-line filter and concentrated under vacuum at 30° C. over three hours to afford the free base as an off-white solid. The free base was slurried in prefiltered THF (15 L) and prefiltered IPA (5.5 L). The mixture was then heated at 60° C. until complete dissolution of the free base was observed. A prefiltered solution of succinic acid (446 g) in THF (7 L) was added (over 23 min) while maintaining the mixture temperature at >57° C. After stirring at 60° C. for 15 min, the heat was turned off, the material was allowed to cool, and the slurry was stirred for 12 hours at 25±5° C. The material was filtered under vacuum and the wet cake was washed with prefiltered IPA (2×4.2 L). The material was then dried in a vacuum oven at 70±5° C. (with a nitrogen bleed) for >80 hours to afford the succinate salt of 34 as a white solid (1546 g, >90% yield).

The product was also converted to a variety of corresponding acid addition salts. Specifically, the benzonitrile product (approximately 10 mg) in a solution of MeOH (1 mL) was treated with various acids (1.05 equivalents). The solutions were allowed to stand for three days open to the air. If a precipitate formed, the mixture was filtered and the salt dried. If no solid formed, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue isolated. In this way, salts of 34 were prepared from the following acids: benzoic, p-toluenesulfonic, succinic, R-(−)-Mandelic and benzenesulfonic. The succinate was found to be crystalline as determined by x-ray powder diffraction analysis.

Methanesulfonate salt

In addition, the methanesulfonate salt was prepared as follows. A 10.5 g aliquot of the benzonitrile product was mixed with 400 mL of isopropylacetate. The slurry was heated to 75° C. and filtered through #3 Whatman filter paper. The solution was heated back to 75° C. and a 1M solution of methanesulfonic acid (30.84 mL) was added slowly over 10 minutes while stirring. The suspension was cooled to room temperature at a rate of about 20° C./hr. After 1 hr at room temperature, the solid was filtered and dried in an oven overnight to obtain the methanesulfonate salt.

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FORMULATION

COMPD A IS TRELAGLIPTIN

Examples (Comparative Example IA)

Succinate of compound (A) (26.6 mg) was weighed in a glass bottle and used as Comparative Example IA. (Comparative Example 2A)

The succinate of compound (A) and microcrystalline cellulose were uniformly mixed in a mortar at a ratio of 1:10, and the mixture (226.6 mg) was weighed in a glass bottle and used as Comparative Example 2A. (Comparative Example 3A)

The succinate of compound (A) and corn starch were uniformly mixed in a mortar at a ratio of 1:5, and the mixture (126.6 mg) was weighed in a glass bottle and used as Comparative Example 3A. (Example IA) Succinate of compound (A) , mannitol and corn starch according to the formulation of Table IA were uniformly mixed in a fluid bed granulator (LAB-I, POWREX CORPORATION) , and the mixture was granulated by spraying an aqueous solution of dissolved hypromellose 2910, and dried therein. The obtained granules were passed through a sieve -(16M) to give milled granules. To the milled granules were added croscarmellose sodium, microcrystalline cellulose and magnesium stearate, and they were mixed in a bag to give granules for tableting. The granules were punched by a rotary tableting machine (Correct 19K, Kikusui Seisakusho, Ltd.) with a 6.5 mmφ punch to give a plain tablet weighting 121 mg. On the other hand, titanium oxide, yellow ferric oxide and talc were dispersed in a hypromellose 2910 aqueous solution to prepare a film coating liquid. The aforementioned coating liquid was sprayed onto the above-mentioned plain tablet in a film coating machine (Hicoater HCP-75, Freund Corporation), to give 2500 film- coated tablets containing 3.125 mg of compound (A) (free form) per tablet. Table IA

Figure imgf000028_0001

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POLYMORPHS AND SYNTHESIS

FORM A

Form A may be prepared by crystallization from the various solvents and under the various crystallization conditions used during the polymorph screen (e.g., fast and slow evaporation, cooling of saturated solutions, slurries, and solvent/antisolvent additions). Tables B and C of Example 3 summarize the procedures by which Form A was prepared. For example, Form A was obtained by room temperature slurry of an excess amount of Compound I in acetone, acetonitrile, dichloromethane, 1,4-dioxane, diethyl ether, hexane, methanol, isopropanol, water, ethylacetate, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, or other like solvents on a rotating wheel for approximately 5 or 7 days. The solids were collected by vacuum filtration, and air dried in the hood. Also, Form A was precipitated from a methanol solution of Compound I by slow evaporation (SE).

[0091] Form A was characterized by XRPD, TGA, hot stage microscopy, IR, Raman spectroscopy, solution 1H-NMR, and solid state 13C-NMR.

[0092] Figure 1 shows a characteristic XRPD spectrum (CuKa, λ=1.5418A) of Form A. The XRPD pattern confirmed that Form A was crystalline. Major X-Ray diffraction lines expressed in °2Θ and their relative intensities are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1. Characteristic XRPD Peaks (CuKa) of Form A

Figure imgf000018_0001

Figure imgf000019_0001

Characterization Data of Form A of Compound I

Figure imgf000064_0001

8. Amorphous Form

[0137] The Amorphous Form of Compound I was prepared by lyophilization of an aqueous solution of Compound I (Example 10). The residue material was characterized by XRPD and the resulting XRPD spectrum displayed in Figure 26. The XRPD spectrum shows a broad halo with no specific peaks present, which confirms that the material is amorphous. The material was further characterized by TGA, DSC, hot stage microscopy, and moisture sorption analysis.

Table A. Approximate Solubilities of Compound I

Compound I having the formula

Figure imgf000076_0002

Figure imgf000052_0001

Figure imgf000053_0001

POLYMORPH SCREEN

Crystallization Experiments of Compound I from Solvents

Figure imgf000059_0001

Figure imgf000060_0001

Figure imgf000061_0001

Figure imgf000062_0001

a) FE = fast evaporation; SE = slow evaporation; RT = room temperature; SC = slow cool;CC = crash cool, MB = moisture sorption/desorption analysis b) qty = quantity; PO = preferred orientation

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SYNTHESIS

EXAMPLES

1. Preparation of 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyrimidin-l-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts

Figure imgf000039_0001

Figure imgf000039_0002

4-Fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (3)

[0166] A mixture of 2-bromo-5fluorotoluene ( 2) (3.5 g, 18.5 mmol) and CuCN (2 g, 22 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was re fluxed for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with hexane. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed to give product 3 (yield 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.60 (dd, J=5.6, 8.8 Hz, IH), 6.93-7.06 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H). 2-Bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (4)

[0167] A mixture of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (3) (2 g, 14.8 mmol), NBS (2.64 g, 15 mmol) and AIBN (100 mg) in CCl4 was refluxed under nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature. The solid was removed by filtration. The organic solution was concentrated to give crude product as an oil, which was used in the next step without further purification.1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.68 (dd, J= 5.2, 8.4 Hz, IH), 7.28 (dd, J= 2.4, 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.12 (m, IH), 4.6 (s, 2H).

2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro- benzonitrile (6)

[0168] A mixture of crude 3-methyl-6-chlorouracil (5) (0.6 g, 3.8 mmol), 2- Bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (0.86 g, 4 mmol) and K2CO3 (0.5 g, 4 mmol) in DMSO

(10 mL) was stirred at 60 C for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography. 0.66 g of the product was obtained (yield: 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.73 (dd, 1=12, 8.4Hz, IH), 7.26 (d, J- 4.0Hz, IH), 7.11-7.17 (m, IH), 6.94 (dd, J=2.0, 9.0 Hz, IH), 6.034 (s, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for Ci3H9ClFN3O2, 293.68; found 293.68.

2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l- ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile, TFA salt (1) (TFA salt of Compound I)

Figure imgf000040_0001

[0169] 2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l-ylmethyl)-4- fluoro-benzonitrile (5) (300 mg, 1.0 mmol), (i?)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (266 mg, 1.5 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (500 mg, 5.4 mmol) were stirred in a sealed tube in EtOH (3 mL) at 100 0C for 2 hrs. The final compound was obtained as a TFA salt after HPLC purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, IH), 7.16-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.46 (s, IH), 5.17-5.34 (ABq, 2H, J = 35.2, 15.6 Hz), 3.33-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 2.98-3.08 (m, IH), 2.67-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, IH), 1.82-1.92 (m, IH), 1.51-1.79 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for Ci8H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l- ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile, HCl salt

Figure imgf000041_0001

[0170] The TFA salt of Compound I was suspended in DCM, and then washed with saturated Na2CO3. The organic layer was dried and removed in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in acetonitrile and HCl in dioxane (1.5 eq.) was added at 0 C. The HCl salt was obtained after removing the solvent. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, IH), 7.12-7.26 (m, 2H), 5.47 (s, IH), 5.21-5.32 (ABq, 2H, J = 32.0, 16.0 Hz), 3.35-3.5 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.1 (m, IH), 2.69-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, IH), 1.83-1.93 (m, IH), 1.55-1.80 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for Ci8H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

General procedure for the preparation of salts of Compound I.

[0171] The benzonitrile product may be isolated as the free base if desired, but preferably, the product may be further converted to a corresponding acid addition salt. Specifically, the benzonitrile product (approximately 10 mg) in a solution of MeOH (1 mL) was treated with various acids (1.05 equivalents). The solutions were allowed to stand for three days open to the air. If a precipitate formed, the mixture was filtered and the salt dried. If no solid formed, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue isolated. In this way, salts of Compound I were prepared from the following acids: benzoic, p-toluenesulfonic, succinic, R-(-)-Mandelic and benzenesulfonic. [0172] The isolation and/or purification steps of the intermediate compounds in the above described process may optionally be avoided if the intermediates from the reaction mixture are obtained as relatively pure compounds and the by-products or impurities of the reaction mixture do not interfere with the subsequent reaction steps. Where feasible, one or more isolation steps may be eliminated to provide shorter processing times, and the elimination of further processing may also afford higher overall reaction yields.

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TABLET

2. Exemplary formulations comprising succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile

Provided are examples of tablet formulations that may be used to administer succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Succinate salt of Compound I) according to the present invention. It is noted that the formulations provided herein may be varied as is known in the art.

The exemplary tablet formulations are as follows:

12.5 mg of Compound I (weight of free base form) per tablet
Core Tablet Formulation
(1) 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4- 17.0 mg
dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-
ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (succinate salt)
(2) Lactose Monohydrate, NF, Ph, Eur 224.6 mg
(FOREMOST 316 FAST FLO)
(3) Microcrystalline Cellulose, NF, Ph, Eur 120.1 mg
(AVICEL PH 102)
(4) Croscarmellose Sodium, NF, Ph, Eur 32.0 mg
(AC-DO-SOL)
(5) Colloidal Silicon Dioxide, NF, Ph, Eur 3.2 mg
(CAB-O-SIL M-5P)
(6) Magnesium Stearate, NF, Ph, Eur 3.2 mg
(MALLINCKRODT, Non-bovine Hyqual)
TOTAL 400.0 mg
(per tablet)

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POLYMORPHS AND SYNTHESIS

EXAMPLES Example 1 Preparation of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile succinate (Compound I)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00004

Compound I may be prepared by the follow synthetic route (Scheme 1)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00005

A. Preparation of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (Compound B)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00006

Compound B was prepared by refluxing a mixture of 2-bromo-5-fluoro-toluene (Compound A) (3.5 g, 18.5 mmol) and CuCN (2 g, 22 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with hexane. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed to give product B (yield 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.60 (dd, J=5.6, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.93-7.06 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H).

B. Preparation of 2-bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (Compound C)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00007

Compound C was prepared by refluxing a mixture of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (Compound B) (2 g, 14.8 mmol), N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) (2.64 g, 15 mmol) and azo-bis-isobutyronitrile (AIBN) (100 mg) in CCl4 under nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature. The solid was removed by filtration. The organic solution was concentrated to give the crude product the form of an oil, which was used in the next step without further purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.68 (dd, J=5.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (dd, J=2.4, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 4.6 (s, 2H).

C. Preparation of 2-(6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Compound D)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00008

Compound E was prepared by stirring a mixture of crude 3-methyl-6-chlorouracil D (0.6 g, 3.8 mmol), 2-bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (0.86 g, 4 mmol) and K2CO3 (0.5 g, 4 mmol) in DMSO (10 mL) at 60° C. for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography. 0.66 g of the product was obtained (yield: 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.73 (dd, J=7.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.11-7.17 (m, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J=2.0, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.034 (s, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C13H9ClFN3O2, 293.68; found 293.68.

D. Preparation of 2-(6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Compound F)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00009

Compound F was prepared by mixing and stirring 2-(6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Compound E) (300 mg, 1.0 mmol), (R)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (266 mg, 1.5 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (500 mg, 5.4 mmol) in a sealed tube in EtOH (3 mL) at 100° C. for 2 hrs. The final compound was obtained as trifluoroacetate (TFA) salt after HPLC purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.46 (s, 1H), 5.17-5.34 (ABq, 2H, J=35.2, 15.6 Hz), 3.33-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 2.98-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.82-1.92 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.79 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

E. Preparation of Compound I: the succinic acid salt of 2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00010

The TFA salt prepared in the above step (Example 1, Step D) was suspended in DCM, and then washed with saturated Na2CO3. The organic layer was dried and removed in vacuo. The benzonitrile product (approximately 10 mg) was dissolved in MeOH (1 mL) and to which succinic acid in THF (1.05 equivalents) was added. The solutions were allowed to stand for three days open to the air. If a precipitate formed, the solid was collected by filtration. If no solid formed, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the succinate salt was obtained after removing the solvent.

SUCCINATE SALT OF TRELAGLIPTIN

1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.12-7.26 (m, 2H), 5.47 (s, 1H), 5.21-5.32 (ABq, 2H, J=32.0, 16.0 Hz), 3.35-3.5 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.1 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.83-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.55-1.80 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

Compound I such prepared was found to be crystalline as determined by x-ray powder diffraction analysis (FIG. 1). The crystal material was designated Form A.

……………

patents

1. US 2013172377

2. WO 2011013639

3. WO 2009099172

4.WO 2009099171

5. WO 2008114807

6.WO 2008114800

7. WO 2008033851

8. WO 2007074884

9WO 2007035629

patent document 1: US2005/0261271

patent document 2: US2007/0060530

patent document 3: US2008/0287476

patent document 4: US2008/0227798

patent document 5: US2008/0280931

patent document 6: WO2008/114800

patent document 7: WO2011/013639

US7906523 * Oct 30, 2007 Mar 15, 2011 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
US8084605 * Nov 29, 2007 Dec 27, 2011 Kelly Ron C Polymorphs of succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethy]-4-fluor-benzonitrile and methods of use therefor
US8188275 * Oct 30, 2007 May 29, 2012 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
US8222411 * Sep 15, 2006 Jul 17, 2012 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
US20090275750 * Sep 15, 2006 Nov 5, 2009 Jun Feng Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
WO2013183784A1 Jun 4, 2013 Dec 12, 2013 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited Solid preparation
US20080227798 * Nov 29, 2007 Sep 18, 2008 Kelly Ron C Polymorphs of succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2h-pyrimidin-1-ylmethy]-4-fluor-benzonitrile and methods of use therefor
US20120197018 * Feb 15, 2012 Aug 2, 2012 Kelly Ron C Polymorphs of succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2h-pyrimidin-1-ylmethy]-4-fluor-benzonitrile and methods of use therefor
WO2007033265A1 * Sep 13, 2006 Mar 22, 2007 Takeda Pharmaceutical Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors for treating diabetis
WO2007033266A2 * Sep 13, 2006 Mar 22, 2007 Takeda Pharmaceutical Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors for treating diabetis
WO2007033350A1 * Sep 13, 2006 Mar 22, 2007 Takeda Pharmaceutical Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors for treating diabetes
EP1586571A1 * Dec 21, 2004 Oct 19, 2005 Takeda San Diego, Inc. Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
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GRC 8200; 868771-57-7, EMD-675992

4-fluoro-1-[2-[[(1R,3S)-3-(1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)cyclopentyl]amino]acetyl]pyrrolidine-2-carbonitrile

4(S)-Fluoro-1-[2-[(1R,3S)-3-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)cyclopentylamino]acetyl]pyrrolidine-2(S)-carbonitrile

GRC-8200, a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor (DPP-IV), is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials at Glenmark Pharmaceuticals and Merck KGaA for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In 2006, the compound was licensed by Glenmark Pharmaceuticals to Merck KGaA in Europe, Japan and N. America for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, however, these rights were reaquired by Glenmark in 2008.

.

ALTERNATE……….

 

 

 

see gliptins at………….http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series.html

http://organicsynthesisinternational.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series-22.html

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ChemSpider 2D Image | Evogliptin | C19H26F3N3O3

 

EVOGLIPTIN
CAS: 1222102-29-5 FREE

HCL……

Dong-A Pharmaceutical. Co., Ltd동아제약 주식회사
2-Piperazinone, 4-((3R)-3-amino-1-oxo-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyl)-3-((1,1-dimethylethoxy)methyl)-, (3R)-
R)-4-((R)-3-Amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-butanoyl)-3-(t-butoxymethyl)-piperazin-2-one

4-[3(R)-Amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyryl]-3(R)-(tert-butoxymethyl)piperazin-2-one hydrochloride

DA-1229

DA-1229 is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26) inhibitor currently being developed in phase III clinical studies at Dong-A for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

In 2014, Eurofarma aquired rights for product development and commercialization in Brazil.

Evogliptin Tartrate

 

 

86…………H. J. Kim, W. Y. Kwak, J. P. Min, J. Y. Lee, T. H. Yoon, H. D. Kim, C. Y. Shin, M. K.
Kim, S. H. Choi, H. S. Kim, E. K. Yang, Y. H. Cheong, Y. N. Chae, K. J. Park, J. M.
Jang, S. J. Choi, M. H. Son, S. H. Kim, M. Yoo and B. J. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.,
2011, 21 (12), 3809-3812.
[87] …………K. S. Lim, J. Y. Cho, B. H. Kim, J. R. Kim, H. S. Kim, D. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, H. J. Yim,
S. H. Lee, S. G. Shin, I. J. Jang and K. S. Yu, Br. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 2009, 68 (6), 883-
890.

  • Originator Dong-A Pharmaceutical
  • Developer Dong-A ST
  • Class Amides; Antihyperglycaemics; Fluorobenzenes; Piperazines; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action CD26 antigen inhibitors
  • Orphan Drug Status No
  • On Fast track No
  • New Molecular Entity Yes
  • Available For Licensing Yes – Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase III Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Most Recent Events

  • 01 Sep 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in Type-2 diabetes mellitus (In volunteers) in United Kingdom (PO)
  • 31 Jul 2014 Phase-III clinical trials in Type-2 diabetes mellitus in South Korea (PO)
  • 31 Jul 2014 Dong-A ST initiates enrolment in a phase I trial in patients with renal impairment in South Korea (NCT02214693)

Evogliptin Tartrate

…………………………………..

WO 2010114291

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2010114291A2?cl=en

Formula 1

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-C000001

 

 

Korea Patent Publication No. 2008-0094604 the call to the scheme, as indicated by A Ⅰ) of formula (II) beta-compound of formula 3 is already substituted heterocyclic compound having 1-hydroxy-benzotriazole group (HOBT) 1-ethyl-3- (3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and reacting with a tertiary amine to prepare a compound of formula (4) connected by peptide bonds; Ⅱ) beta comprises the step of reacting under acidic conditions a compound of the formula (4) – a method of manufacturing the heterocyclic compounds of the formula I having an amino group is disclosed.

- Scheme A]

 

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000001

(Wherein, PG is a protecting group.)

In this case, the beta of the formula (2) of Scheme A – a compound having an amino group is prepared in addition to the DPP-IV inhibitor International Publication represented by Formula 1 WO03 / 000181, WO03 / 004498, WO03 / 082817, WO04 / 007468, WO04 / 032836, WO05 / 011581, WO06 / 097175, WO07 / 077508, WO07 / 063928, WO08 / 028662 WO08 / it may be used for the production of different DPP-IV inhibitors according 087,560 and can be prepared in a number of ways.

To, the compound of Formula 2 is an example as shown in Scheme J. Med.Chem. 2005; 141, and Synthesis 1997; it can be produced by the known method described in 873.

 

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000002

Specifically, (2S) – (+) – 2,5- dihydro-3,6-dimethoxy-2-isopropyl-pyrazine 2,4,5-trifluoro-react with benzyl bromide and acid treatment, and then the amine an ester compound obtained by the protection reaction. Ester compounds are hydrolyzed to re-3- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) -2-amino-propionic acid tert such as isobutyl chloroformate, triethylamine or diisopropylethylamine to give the amine, and then using diazomethane to form a diazo ketone, and then may be prepared by reaction with silver benzoate. However, the reaction can be performed at low temperature (-78 ℃) or high alpha-amino acid to purchase and use, and may have a risk of problems such as the need to use large diazomethane.

 

To a different process for preparing a compound of Formula 2 as shown in scheme Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 2006; It is known in 2622; 205 or similarly Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2007.

 

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000003

That is, a 1,1′-carbonyl-2,4,5 which the phenyl trifluoroacetic acid activated using the following imidazole mono-methyl words potassium carbonate is reacted with the beta-keto ester compound is prepared. This produced an enamine ester using ammonium acetate and ammonium solution, the ester compound chloro (1,5-cyclooctadiene) rhodium (I) dimer using a chiral ferrocenyl ligands I the reaction of the high-pressure hydrogen with a chiral primary amine with a beta-amino ester compound after production and can lead to hydrolysis to prepare a compound of formula (2). However, use of expensive metal catalyst has a problem that must be performed in high pressure hydrogenation.

 

The method for preparing a compound of Formula 2 is disclosed in International Publication No. WO 04/87650.

 

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000004

Specifically, 2,4,5-fluorophenyl reagent is oxalyl chloride, the acid activated acid with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione, and after the reaction of methanol and the resulting material at reflux to prepare a corresponding compound. With a selective reducing reagents which enantiomers (S) -BINAP-RuCl 2 and hydrogen through a reaction (S) – producing a compound having coordinated to each other, it again after the decomposition, and the singer O- benzyl hydroxyl amine and the coupling reaction and the intermediate is prepared. To do this, the resulting intermediate tree azodicarboxylate and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate presence ring condensation reaction, treated with an aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide to (R) – while having the formula (II) coordinated to the amine group protected with a benzyl-O- the compound can be produced. However, the method has a problem as a whole to be prepared by the reaction yield to be low and a long processing time to perform the reaction.

 

Thus, the conventional known method for producing a compound of the general formula (2) has the disadvantage of using expensive reagents, or not suitable for commercial mass-production method by a long synthesis time yield is also low.

 

In addition, the compound represented by General Formula (3), as described in Korea Patent Publication No. 2008-0094604 call, can be prepared by way of reaction schemes.

 

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000005

Specifically, the starting material D- serine methyl ester is substituted by a hydroxy group when reflux again substituted by trityl chloride as methoxy groups converted to the aziridine compound.

[Scheme 3]

 

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000008

<Example 3> (R)-4-[(R)-3-아미노-4-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부타노일]-3-(t-부톡시메틸)피페라진-2-온(화학식 1) Preparation of the hydrochloride

Step 1: t- butyl (R)-4-[(R)-2-(t-부톡시메틸)-3-옥소피페라진-1-일]-4-옥소 - 1-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부탄-2-일카르바메이트(화학식 Preparation of 4)

2 L flask, prepared in Example 1 (R) -3-t- butoxycarbonyl-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butanoate acid (Formula 2) 10.0 g of toluene was dissolved in 450 mL of bis (2,2′-benzothiazolyl) disulfide 13.0 g, was cooled and then 10.2 g triphenylphosphine was added to the reaction solution at 0 ℃. While stirring the reaction mixture was added to a solution of 0.8 mL of triethylamine in 20 mL of toluene was stirred at room temperature for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ℃ and prepared in Example 2 (R) -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2-one (Formula 3) was dissolved in 5.6 g of toluene and 40 mL pyridine a 2.4 mL was added slowly. After 30 minutes the reaction mixture was heated to room temperature and stirred for 1 hour. Saturated sheet to be the aqueous acid solution to a pH of 2.5 and then diluted with ethyl acetate 400 mL. Washed twice with brine and the organic layer was dehydrated with magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography to give the title compound 838 mg.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 7.03 (m, 1H), 6.88 (m, 1H), 5.97 (m, 1H), 5.48 (m, 1H), 4.16 ~ 4.07 (m, 1H), 4.02 ~ 3.91 (m, 1H), 3.74 (m, 2H) 3.37 (m, 2H), 3.24 (m, 1H), 2.92 (m, 2H), 2.80 (m, 1H), 2.59 (m, 2H), 1.34 ( d, 9H), 1.13 (s, 9H)

 

Step 2: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butane five days] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- on the production of (I) hydrochloride

Prepared in Step 1 t- butyl (R)-4-[(R)-2-(t-부톡시메틸)-3-옥소피페라진-1-일]-4-옥소-1-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부탄-2-일카르바메이트 97 mg was dissolved in methanol was added 3 mL 2N- hydrochloric acid / diethyl ether 2 mL was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under reduced pressure to give 64 mg of the title compound as a foaming solid.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.37 (m, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 4.59 ~ 4.40 (m, 1H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90 ~ 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.38 (m, 2H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.89 ~ 2.66 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H ), 1.11 (s, 6H)

Mass (M + 1): 402

 

<Example 4> (R)-4-[(R)-3-아미노-4-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부타노일]-3-(t-부톡시메틸)피페라진-2-온(화학식 1) tartaric acid salts

Step 1: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butane five days] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- Preparation of one (I)

Example 3 to give a compound of formula I in hydrochloride 60 mg 5% sodium hydrogen carbonate in dichloromethane was added to 10 mL of an aqueous solution / 2-propanol (4/1 (v / v)) was added to the mixed solution and extracted two times 10 mL The organic layer was dried under reduced pressure to give 55 mg of the title compound as a solid.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.14 (m, 1H), 4.56 ~ 4.39 (m, 1H), 3.96 ~ 3.81 (m, 3H), 3.70 (m, 1H) , 3.46 (m, 1H), 3.43 ~ 3.32 (m, 1H), 2.83 ~ 2.65 (m, 3H), 2.58 ~ 2.40 (m, 2H), 1.16 (s, 3H), 1.11 (s, 6H)

Mass (M + 1): 402

 

Step 2: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluorophenyl) butanoyl] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- one (I) tartaric acid salt [

Was dissolved 55 mg of the compound of step 1 in 0.56 mL of acetone, L- tartrate 26 mg ethanol / water (9/1 (v / v)) was added slowly to a solution of 0.35 mL was stirred for 30 minutes. Here was added 0.56 mL of 2-propanol was stirred for 10 minutes and re-filtered to give 77 mg of the title compound as a solid.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.38 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 4.59 ~ 4.40 (m, 1H), 4.40 (s, 2H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90 ~ 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.38 (m, 2H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.89 ~ 2.66 (m, 2H ), 1.15 (s, 3H), 1.11 (s, 6H)

Mass (M + 1): 402

………………………………

WO 2010114292

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2010114292A2?cl=en

…………………………………

Discovery of DA-1229: a potent, long acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011, 21(12): 3809

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X11004859

Full-size image (3 K)

A series of β-amino amide containing substituted piperazine-2-one derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl pepdidase-4 (DPP-4) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. As results of intensive SAR study of the series, (R)-4-[(R)-3-amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-butanoyl]-3-(t-butoxymethyl)-piperazin-2-one (DA-1229) displayed potent DPP-4 inhibition pattern in several animal models, was selected for clinical development.

About evogliptin tartrate tablets
Evogliptin tartrate tablets is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, in tablet form. Evogliptin tartrate
tablets is expected to be approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Group holds
an exclusive intellectual property licence from Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. to develop
and commercialise evogliptin tartrate tablets in China, including the exclusive right to develop
evogliptin tartrate tablets for manufacturing and sale in the Group’s name. The new drug certificate
to be issued by the CFDA will be approved and registered under the Group’s name.
Evogliptin is a patented new molecular entity in the United States and other international markets.
Evogliptin tartrate tablets is being concurrently developed by Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
for the Korean market. Based on information released from a multi-centre, phase II, randomised,
double-blind, placebo-controlled, therapeutic exploratory clinical trial conducted in Korea by
Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. to investigate the efficacy and safety of evogliptin, evogliptin
was proven to be effective in significantly lowering blood glucose levels in patients with type
2 diabetes. Data also show that the body weights of patients remain stable over the treatment
period. In addition, evogliptin was proven to be safe and well tolerated with no severe adverse
drug reactions observed during those phase II clinical trials. The Company believes evogliptin
tartrate tablets will help reduce the burden of patients with moderate-to-severe renal impairment
as pharmacokinetic study in animal model and healthy human volunteers showed low renal
elimination.
2
According to the statistics of IMS Health Incorporated, the market size of products for the
treatment of diabetes in China in 2013 was approximately RMB7.8 billion, and grew at a
compound annual growth rate of 23.4% from 2011 to 2013.

 http://www.luye.cn/en/uploads//2014-07/21/_1405936452_zr21xh.pdf

Dong-A ST
SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
14 April 2015 – 5:45pm
Oh Seung-mock

Dong-A ST has licensed its new diabetes drug Evogliptin to 17 Latin American countries including Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Dominican Republic, and Uruguay, Jung Jae-wook, Dong-A ST’s PR manager, told Business Korea.

Dong-A ST and Eurofarma, a Brazilian pharmaceutical company, concluded the licensing contract at Dong-A ST’s headquarters on April 13 in Seoul.

Eurofarma will be responsible for Evogliptin’s product development and sales in the 17 Latin American countries, Dong-A ST said. Dong-A ST will receive royalties from Eurofarma, and export the raw material of the medicine.

Dong-A ST has been developing Evogliptin with the support of the Ministry of Health & Welfare of South Korea as an innovative new medicine research project since May 2008. Evogliptin is a DPP-4 remedy based on the inhibition mechanism which is “excellent” at reducing blood sugar, whilst “less likely” to cause weight increases and hypoglycemia, the company said.

Park Chan-il, president of Dong-A ST, said that Dong-A ST will pursue further out-licensing “over the globe,” through continuous investment in research and development.

Maurizio Billi, Eurofarma’s president, wished to expand both companies’ partnership in the innovative new remedy development sector, according to Dong-A ST.

Last July, Dong-A ST and Eurofarma concluded a contract out-licensing Evogliptin to Brazil itself, the company said.

- See more at: http://www.businesskorea.co.kr/article/10115/southern-strategy-dong-st-licenses-new-diabetes-drug-evogliptin-17-latin-american#sthash.liqwFTWU.dpuf

see gliptins at………….http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series.html

http://organicsynthesisinternational.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series-22.html

 

see gliptins at…..http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series.html

see gliptins at………….http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series.html

http://organicsynthesisinternational.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series-22.html

Dong-A Pharm. Co., Ltd, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

 

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ChemSpider 2D Image | gosogliptin | C17H24F2N6O

GOSOGLIPTIN

CAS 869490-23-3 FREE BASE

DIHYDROCHLORIDE..869490-47-1

GOSOGLIPTIN; UNII-GI718UO477;  PF-00734200; PF-734200;

(3,3-difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-[(2S,4S)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-ylpiperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl]methanone

Molecular Formula: C17H24F2N6O
Molecular Weight: 366.408866 g/mol
Company Pfizer Inc.
Description Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor
Molecular Target Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) (CD26) 
Mechanism of Action Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor
Latest Stage of Development Phase II
Standard Indication Diabetes
Indication Details Treat Type II diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia coupled with a gradual decline in insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. The incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which is released post-prandially from the L-cells of the intestine, stimulates the release of insulin from pancreatic β-cells. However, GLP-1 is rapidly degraded in vivo by peptidases, including dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4), which is a widely distributed serine protease that specifically cleaves N-terminal dipeptides from polypeptides with proline or alanine at the penultimate position.

In vivo administration of DPP-4 inhibitors to human subjects results in higher circulating concentrations of endogenous GLP-1 and subsequent decrease in plasma glucose. Long term treatment with a DPP-4 inhibitor leads to a reduction in circulating HbA1c (glycosylated hemoglobin). DPP-4 inhibition also offers the potential to improve the insulin producing function of the pancreas through either β-cell preservation or regeneration. Therefore, DPP-4 inhibition has emerged as a promising new treatment of Type 2 diabetes

PF-734200 is a potent, selective, orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor. It had been in phase II clinical development at Pfizer for the treatment of type 2 diabetes; however, in 2010 the company discontinued these trials. In 2012, the product was licensed to SatRx, a spin-off of the ChemRar High Tech Center, by Pfizer on an exclusive worldwide basis (with the exception of China) for the development and commercialization as monotherapy or in combination with other therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. SatRx is conducting phase II clinical trials for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

GOSOGLIPTIN.png

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PAPER

New synthetic route to a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor
Org Process Res Dev 2012, 16(3): 409

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op200309z

Abstract Image

A new synthetic route to a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitor was developed and demonstrated on a multigram scale. This approach takes advantage of the cheap and readily available Boc-trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline methyl ester as starting material which was derivatized through an SN2 reaction. Several leaving groups were studied, and the nosylate group showed superiority over other derivatives. Formation of an amide using the most costly starting material, 3,3-difluoropyrrolidine, was performed late in the synthesis to minimize its economical impact on the overall cost of the API.

(3,3-Difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-(2S,4S)-4-(4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)methanone.FREE BASE

Mp 149 °C (decomp).

[α]d = −31.1 (T = 24 °C, c = 1, CHCl3). Specific rotation of product 4 prepared using the initial route: [α]d = −31.5 (T = 24 °C, c = 1, CHCl3). 

1H NMR (400 MHz; CDCl3) δ 8.30 (d, J = 4 Hz, 2H), 6.48 (t, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 3.95–3.6 (m, 9H), 3.25–2.85 (m, 4H), 2.6–2.25 (m, 7H), 1.75–1.6 (m, 1H). 

13C NMR (100 MHz; CDCl3) δ 172.28; 161.55; 157.70; 127.22 (t, 1J C–F = 248 Hz), 126.22 (t, 1J C–F = 246 Hz), 109.95; 66.54; 58.87; 57.99; 52.71 (t, 2 J C–F = 32 Hz); 52.00; 50.41; 43.03; 34.46, 34.37, 34.25; 19F NMR (377 MHz, CDCl3) δ −102.1 (m, 2F).

IR (neat): 2951w, 2864w, 2799w, 2759w, 1630s, 1585vs, 1547m, 1449m, 1172m, 1254m, 1129m, 982w, 923m, 796m, 638w.

HRMS (ES, N2) Calcd for C17H24F2N6O: 367.20524, found: 367.20592.

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PAPER

(3,3-difluoro-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-((2S,4S)-(4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)-methanone: A potent, selective, orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009, 19(7): 1991

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X09001966?np=y

  • Pfizer Global Research & Development, Groton/New London Laboratories, Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT 06340, United States

A series of 4-substituted proline amides was evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl pepdidase IV for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-[(2S,4S)-(4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yl]-methanone (5) emerged as a potent (IC50 = 13 nM) and selective compound, with high oral bioavailability in preclinical species.

Full-size image (4 K)

SEE………….https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sciencedirect.com%2Fscience%2FMiamiMultiMediaURL%2F1-s2.0-S0960894X09001966%2F1-s2.0-S0960894X09001966-mmc1.doc%2F271398%2Fhtml%2FS0960894X09001966%2Fce1f70bd989d6d4b79b40c26570693d2%2Fmmc1.doc

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PATENT

WO 2005116014

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2005116014A1?cl=en

Example 113 (3.3-Difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-((2S,4S)-4-(4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)-methanone

 

Figure imgf000030_0001

Step 1 – (S)-2-(3.3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-oxo-pyrrolidine-1 -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

(S)-4-Oxo-pyrrolidine-1 ,2-dicarboxylic acid 1-tert-butyl ester (6.6 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to a reactor, followed by addition of dichloromethane (15 volumes). The reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C. Triethylamine (4.82 liters, 1.2 equiv) was added over 30 minutes. The mixture turned from suspension to a clear solution at the end of triethylamine addition. The mixture was held at 0°C to 5°C for 10 minutes. Pivaloyl chloride (3.65 kg, 1.05 equivalents) was added slowly while keeping the reaction temperature at 0°C to 5°C. The reaction mixture turned back to aslurry. The reaction mixture was sampled for completion by HPLC (using diethylamine to derivatize) after held for 1 hour at 0°C to 5°C.

3,3-Difluoro- pyrrolidine hydrochloride (4.13 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to the above mixture over 10 minutes at – 10°C to 0°C. Triethylamine (4.0 liters, 1.0 equiv) was introduced slowly over 70 minutes at -10°C to 0°C. Upon completion of triethylamine addition, the mixture was stirred for 1h at 0 to 5°C. The reaction was complete by HPLC assay (-1% starting material). The reaction was quenched with water (10 volumes) at 0°C to 5 °C. The mixture was heated to 20°C to 25 °C. The layers were separated, and the organic layer was washed with 0.5 M HCI (5 volumes). The organic layer was again washed with combined 5% NaHC03 (2 volumes) and half saturated brine solution (1.64 M, 3 volumes). The organic solution was concentrated atmospherically to a low stirrable volume (approximately 20 liters). Ethyl acetate (12.6 volumes, 82.8 liters) was added, the solution was concentrated atmospherically to -6 volumes. The mixture was held at 60°C to 65 °C for 2 hours and cooled to room temperature over 3 hours. The mixture was held at 20°C to 25 °C for 8 hours. Heptane (8 volumes) was added, and the mixture was granulated for a minimum of 2 hours. The solid was filtered, rinsed with 2:1 heptane/ethyl acetate (1 volume), and dried in a tray dryer at 25°C to 35°C for a minimum of 12 h. Yield: 7.26 kg, 79%. HPLC purity: 99.7%. The mother liquor (86 liters) was concentrated to 12 liters under partial vacuum at 65°C to 70°C. The mixture was cooled to 60°C to 65 °C. Ethyl acetate (4.0 liters) was added slowly over 15 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20°C to 25 °C over 2 hours and was held at that temperature for at least 2 hours. The solid was filtered and rinsed with heptane/ethyl acetate (3:1 v/v, 1.7 liters). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35°C to 45 °C yielded 435 grams of product. HPLC purity: 96.4%.

Step 2 – (2S.4S)-2-(3.3-Dif luoro-pyrrolidine-1 -carbonyl)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1 -yl)-pyrrolidine-1 – carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester A reactor was charged with THF (20 volumes), 2-piperazin-1-yl-pyrimidine (2.17 kg, 1.05 equivalents) and the product from Step 1 (4.00 kg, 1.0 equivalent). The mixture was held at 20°C to 25°C until all material was dissolved over 30 minutes. Acetic acid (0.792 kg, 1.05 equivalents) as added. The mixture was stirred for 1 hour during which the reaction mixture turned to cloudy. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 30 minutes and then concentrated at 60°C to 70°C until a steady temperature of 66.9°C was observed in the overheads indicating complete removal of water from the system. More THF was added as necessary. At the end, THF was added to bring the total volume in the reactor to 15 volumes of the limit reagent. The reaction mixture was cooled to -3°C to 7°C and sampled for complete formation of imine by HPLC (using sodium triacetoxyborohydride to reduce imine). Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (5.33 kg, 2.0 equivalents) was added portion-wise to the suspension at -5°C to 15°C. The reaction mixture was heated to 20°C to 25°C and held for 12 hours. HPLC results confirmed the reaction was complete by 99.8%. Sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (10% w/w, 10 volumes) was added. The slurry was concentrated to remove 10 volumes of THF under partial vacuum at 30°C to 60°C. Ethyl acetate (10 volumes) was added to the suspension after it cooled to 20°C to 25CC. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was checked by HPLC. It contained less than 2% of the product. The organic phase was washed with water (5 volumes), saturated brine solution (5 volumes) and concentrated to a small volume (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 45°C to 50°C. To the slurry was added heptane (10 volumes) at 45°C to 50°C over 30 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20°C to 25°C and granulated for 2 hours. Solid was collected by filtration, rinsed with heptane (2 volumes). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35°C to 45°C yield 5.35 kg (91.3%) of the product. Step 3 – (3.3-Dif luoro-pyrrolidin-1 -yl)-f(2S.4S)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1 -yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yll- methanone Water (19 liters, 2 volumes) was charged to a reactor followed by the product from Step 2 (9.57 kg,

1.0 equivalent). To the slurry was added concentrated HCI (37 wt% in water, 19.1 liters, 2 volumes) slowly at 20°C to 30°C over 4 hours. The slurry went into solution after 12 liters of HCI was added. After the addition completion, the reaction was complete by HPLC assay. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5°C to 15°C. To the mixture was added 50% NaOH aqueous solution slowly with agitation to pH 10 to pH 11. The pH was monitored with a pH meter closely during the neutralization. The total volume of 50% NaOH added was 12.45 liters. The mixture was warmed to 20°C to 25°C and extracted with ethyl acetate twice (115 liters, 12 volumes and 57 liters, 6 volumes, respectively). The sample from aqueous layer after second extraction was analyzed by HPLC and showed only 1% of the product in that aqueous solution.

The organic layers were combined and treated with magnesium sulfate (5 kg) for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (10 liters). The filtrate was charged back to the reactor via a 0.2 micron in-line filter for speck free operation. (The following operations were performed under speck free conditions.) The solution was concentrated to 20 liters (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 50°C to 60°C. The mixture was cooled to 20°C to 25°C over 30 minutes. Upon cooling to room temperature, crystallization occurred. The mixture was held for 30 minutes. Hexanes (20 liters, 2 volumes) was added slowly over 1 hour. The mixture was granulated for 2 hours. The solid product was collected by filtration and rinsed with hexanes/ethyl acetate (10 liters, 1 :1 v/v). The filter was blown dry with nitrogen for a minimum of 2 hours. The product was dried in a tray dryer at 44°C for 12 hours.

Yield: 5.7 kg, 75.9%.

m.p. 156°C. MS m/z 367 (MH+).

Figure imgf000030_0001FREE BASE

1H NMR (400 MHz, D20): δ 8.15 (d, 2H, J = 5.0 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 6.55 (t, 1 H, J = 4.8 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 3.87-3.81 (dd, 1 H, H2b of proline, rotomeric), 3.78-3.50 (m, 4H, N-CH2 of pyrrolidide), 3.55-3.40 (m, 4H, N-CH2 of piperazine), 2.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 10.2, 6.6 Hz, H5a of proline), 2.85-2.75 (m, 1 H, H4b of proline), 2.69 (dd, 1 H, J = 10.0, 9.1 Hz, H5b of proline), 2.55-2.20 (m, 7H, overlapping N-CH2 of piperazine, CH2 of pyrrolidide and H3b of proline), 1.47-1.38 (m, 1 H, H3a of proline).

Alternatively, the dihydrochloride salt of the titled compound was prepared according to the method of Example 1.

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US 2005/0256310

http://www.google.com/patents/US20050256310

Figure

 

This approach begins with N-t-Boc-4-oxo-l-proline (1) that undergoes a mixed anhydride activation with pivaloyl chloride at 0 °C, followed by amidation with 3,3-difluoropyrrolidine to yield the intermediate 2. Reductive amination with 1-(2-pyrimidyl)piperazine using sodium triacetoxyborohydride in THF/AcOH provided the desired stereoisomer 3 in high yield and selectivity, the undesired diastereomer being completely removed by crystallization. Deprotection of 3 with 6 N HCl, followed by neutralization with 50% NaOH and extraction provided PF-734200 (4) in good yield.

EXAMPLE 113 (3,3-Difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-((2S,4S)-4-(4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)-methanone

 

Figure US20050256310A1-20051117-C00011

 

Step 1—(S)-2-(3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-oxo-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl

(S)-4-Oxo-pyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid 1-tert-butyl ester (6.6 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to a reactor, followed by addition of dichloromethane (15 volumes). The reaction mixture was cooled to 0° C. Triethylamine (4.82 liters, 1.2 equiv) was added over 30 minutes. The mixture turned from suspension to a clear solution at the end of triethylamine addition. The mixture was held at 0° C. to 5° C. for 10 minutes. Pivaloyl chloride (3.65 kg, 1.05 equivalents) was added slowly while keeping the reaction temperature at 0° C. to 5° C. The reaction mixture turned back to a slurry. The reaction mixture was sampled for completion by HPLC (using diethylamine to derivatize) after held for 1 hour at 0° C. to 5° C. 3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine hydrochloride (4.13 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to the above mixture over 10 minutes at −10° C. to 0° C. Triethylamine (4.0 liters, 1.0 equiv) was introduced slowly over 70 minutes at −10° C. to 0° C. Upon completion of triethylamine addition, the mixture was stirred for 1 h at 0 to 5° C. The reaction was complete by HPLC assay (˜1% starting material). The reaction was quenched with water (10 volumes) at 0° C. to 5 ° C. The mixture was heated to 20° C. to 25 ° C. The layers were separated, organic layer was washed with 0.5 M HCl (5 volumes). The organic layer was again washed with combined 5% NaHCO(2 volumes) and half saturated brine solution (1.64 M, 3 volumes). The organic solution was concentrated atmospherically to a low stirrable volume (approximately 20 liters). Ethyl acetate (12.6 volumes, 82.8 liters) was added, the solution was concentrated atmospherically to ˜6 volumes. The mixture was held at 60° C. to 65° C. for 2 hours and cooled to room temperature over 3 hours. The mixture was held at 20° C. to 25 ° C. for 8 hours. Heptane (8 volumes) was added, and the mixture was granulated for a minimum of 2 hours. The solid was filtered, rinsed with 2:1 heptane/ethyl acetate (1 volume), and dried in a tray dryer at 25° C. to 35° C. for a minimum of 12 h. Yield: 7.26 kg, 79%. HPLC purity: 99.7%. The mother liquor (86 liters) was concentrated to 12 liters under partial vacuum at 65° C. to 70° C. The mixture was cooled to 60° C. to 65° C. Ethyl acetate (4.0 liters) was added slowly over 15 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. over 2 hours and was held at that temperature for at least 2 hours. The solid was filtered and rinsed with heptane/ethyl acetate (3:1 v/v, 1.7 liters). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35° C. to 45° C. yielded 435 grams of product. HPLC purity: 96.4%.

Step 2—(2S,4S)-2-(3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

A reactor was charged with THF (20 volumes), 2-piperazin-1-yl-pyrimidine (2.17 kg, 1.05 equivalents) and the product from Step 1 (4.00 kg, 1.0 equivalent). The mixture was held at 20° C. to 25° C. until all material was dissolved over 30 minutes. Acetic acid (0.792 kg, 1.05 equivalents) as added. The mixture was stirred for 1 hour during which the reaction mixture turned to cloudy. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 30 minutes and then concentrated at 60° C. to 70° C. until a steady temperature of 66.9° C. was observed in the overheads indicating complete removal of water from the system. More THF was added as necessary. At the end, THF was added to bring the total volume in the reactor to 15 volumes of the limit reagent. The reaction mixture was cooled to −3° C. to 7° C. and sampled for complete formation of imine by HPLC (using sodium triacetoxyborohydride to reduce imine). Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (5.33 kg, 2.0 equivalents) was added portion-wise to the suspension at −5° C. to 15° C. The reaction mixture was heated to 20° C. to 25° C. and held for 12 hours. HPLC results confirmed the reaction was complete by 99.8%. Sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (10% w/w, 10 volumes) was added. The slurry was concentrated to remove 10 volumes of THF under partial vacuum at 30° C. to 60° C. Ethyl acetate (10 volumes) was added to the suspension after it cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was checked by HPLC. It contained less than 2% of the product. The organic phase was washed with water (5 volumes), saturated brine solution (5 volumes) and concentrated to a small volume (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 45° C. to 50° C. To the slurry was added heptane (10 volumes) at 45° C. to 50° C. over 30 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. and granulated for 2 hours. Solid was collected by filtration, rinsed with heptane (2 volumes). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35° C. to 45° C. yield 5.35 kg (91.3%) of the product.

Step 3—(3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-[(2S,4S)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yl]-methanone

Water (19 liters, 2 volumes) was charged to a reactor followed by the product from Step 2 (9.57 kg, 1.0 equivalent). To the slurry was added concentrated HCl (37 wt % in water, 19.1 liters, 2 volumes) slowly at 20° C. to 30° C. over 4 hours. The slurry went into solution after 12 liters of HCl was added. After the addition completion, the reaction was complete by HPLC assay. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5° C. to 15° C. To the mixture was added 50% NaOH aqueous solution slowly with agitation to pH 10 to pH 11. The pH was monitored with a pH meter closely during the neutralization. The total volume of 50% NaOH added was 12.45 liters. The mixture was warmed to 20° C. to 25° C. and extracted with ethyl acetate twice (115 liters, 12 volumes and 57 liters, 6 volumes, respectively). The sample from aqueous layer after second extraction was analyzed by HPLC and showed only 1% of the product in that aqueous solution. The organic layers were combined and treated with magnesium sulfate (5 kg) for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (10 liters). The filtrate was charged back to the reactor via a 0.2 micron in-line filter for speck free operation. (The following operations were performed under speck free conditions.) The solution was concentrated to 20 liters (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 50° C. to 60° C. The mixture was cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. over 30 minutes. Upon cooling to room temperature, crystallization occurred. The mixture was held for 30 minutes. Hexanes (20 liters, 2 volumes) was added slowly over 1 hour. The mixture was granulated for 2 hours. The solid product was collected by filtration and rinsed with hexanes/ethyl acetate (10 liters, 1:1 v/v). The filter was blown dry with nitrogen for a minimum of 2 hours. The product was dried in a tray dryer at 44° C. for 12 hours.

Yield: 5.7 kg, 75.9%. m.p. 156° C. MS m/z 367 (MH+).

1H NMR (400 MHz, D2O): δ 8.15 (d, 2H, J=5.0 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 6.55 (t, 1H, J=4.8 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 3.87-3.81 (dd, 1H, H2b of proline, rotomeric), 3.78-3.50 (m, 4H, N—CHof pyrrolidide), 3.55-3.40 (m, 4H, N—CHof piperazine), 2.97 (dd, 1H, J=10.2, 6.6 Hz, H5a of proline), 2.85-2.75 (m, 1H, H4b of proline), 2.69 (dd, 1H, J=10.0, 9.1 Hz, H5b of proline), 2.55-2.20 (m, 7H, overlapping N—CHof piperazine, CHof pyrrolidide and H3b of proline), 1.47-1.38 (m, 1H, H3a of proline).

Alternatively, the dihydrochloride salt of the titled compound was prepared according to the method of Example 1.

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PAPER

Full-size image (21 K)

Scheme 1.

Reagents and conditions: (a) 3,3-difluoropyrrolidine hydrochloride, EDC, HOBt, TEA, DCM, rt; (b) NaBH4, MeOH, (c) (1) trifluoromethane-sulphonyl chloride, DIPEA, DCM; (2) 2-(1-piperazinyl)pyrimidine, DCM, −10 °C; (d) 4 N HCl in dioxane, rt; (e) 2-(1-piperazinyl)pyrimidine, NaBH(OAc)3, AcOH, DCE; (f) R1R2NH hydrochloride, EDC, HOBt TEA, DCM, 0–rt; (g) N-heterocyclic piperazine, NaBH(OAc)3, AcOH, DCE.

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Patent Submitted Granted
Therapeutic compounds [US7291618] 2005-11-17 2007-11-06
(2S,4S)-4-(piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidine-2-methanone derivatives [US7465732] 2007-05-03 2008-12-16
THERAPEUTIC COMPOUNDS [US2007161664] 2007-07-12
Therapeutic compounds [US2006079498] 2006-04-13