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Dr. Vinayak Pagar( GUEST BLOGGER) Development of a Povarov Reaction/Carbene Generation Sequence for Alkenyldiazocarbonyl Compounds

 cancer, new drugs, spectroscopy, SYNTHESIS  Comments Off on Dr. Vinayak Pagar( GUEST BLOGGER) Development of a Povarov Reaction/Carbene Generation Sequence for Alkenyldiazocarbonyl Compounds
Apr 282017
 

Discussing my paper……..

Metal-catalyzed cycloadditions of alkenyldiazo reagents are useful tools to access carbo- and heterocycles.[1] These diazo compounds are chemically sensitive toward both Brønsted orLewis acids. Their reported cycloadditions rely heavily on the formation of metal carbenes to initiate regio- and stereoselective [3+n] cycloadditions (n=2–4) with suitable dipolarophiles.[2–4] A noncarbene route was postulated for a few copper-catalyzed cycloadditions of these diazo species, but they resulted in complete diazo decomposition.[3a, 4a, 5] oyle and co-workers reported[4a] a [3+2] cycloaddition of the alkenylrhodium carbene A with imines to give dihydropyrroles (Scheme 1a). We proposed a cycloaddition the tetrahydroquinoline derivatives 3 and 3’, as well as the tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine species 4. Access to these frameworks are valuable

Access to these frameworks are valuable for the preparation of several bioactive molecules including 2-phenyl-2,3-
dihydroquinolone,[8a] L-689,560,[8b] torcetrapib,[8c] martinellic acid,[8d] OPC-31260,[8e] OPC-51803,[8f] and tetraperalone A (Figure 1).[8g] Their specific biological functions have been well documented.[8]

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Spectral data for ethyl 2-diazo-2-(2-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolin-4-yl) acetate (2a)

Yellow Semi-Solid;

IR (KBr, cm-1 ): 3542 (m), 2117 (s), 3015 (s), 1737 (s), 1564 (s), 1334 (m), 1137 (s), 817 (s);

1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.41 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 2 H), 7.36 ~ 7.33 (m, 2 H), 7.30 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 2 H), 7.07 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.04 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H) 4.56 (dd, J = 11.0, 2.3 Hz, 1H ), 4.25 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H ), 4.21 (dd, J = 11.0, 5.3 Hz, 1H ), 4.01 (s, 1H) 2.36 ~ 2.33 (m, 1H), 2.00 (dd, J = 11.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H ), 1.28 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H);

13C NMR (150 MHz, CDCl3): δ 167.2, 145.3, 142.9, 128.6, 128.0, 127.8, 126.5, 126.4, 118.8, 117.9, 114.4, 60.9, 59.5, 56.2, 36.8, 32.6, 14.4.

HRMS calcd for C19H19N3O2: 321.1477; found: 321.1483.

Development of a Povarov Reaction/Carbene Generation Sequence for Alkenyldiazocarbonyl Compounds

Authors, Appaso Mahadev Jadhav, Vinayak Vishnu Pagar, and Rai-Shung Liu*, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201205692

 We thank the National Science Council, Taiwan, for financial support of this work., [*] A. M. Jadhav, V. V. Pagar, Prof. Dr. R.-S. Liu

Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University
Hsinchu (30013) (Taiwan)
E-mail: rsliu@mx.nthu.edu.tw

Abstract

original image

Rings aplenty: A HOTf-catalyzed (Tf=trifluoromethanesulfonyl) Povarov reaction of alkenyldiazo species has been developed and delivers diazo-containing cycloadducts stereoselectively (see scheme). The resulting cycloadducts provide access to six- and seven-membered azacycles through the generation of metal carbenes as well as the functionalization of diazo group.

[1] Selected reviews: a) M. P. Doyle,M. A. McKervy, T. Ye, Modern Catalytic Methods for Organic Synthesis with Diazo Compounds,  Wiley, New York, 1998; b) A. Padwa, M. D. Weingarten, Chem. Rev. 1996, 96, 223; c) H. M. L. Davies, J. R. Denton, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 3061; d) M. P. Doyle, R. Duffy, M. Ratnikov, L. Zhou, Chem. Rev. 2010, 110, 704; e) H. M. L. Davies, D. Morton, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2011, 40, 1857; f) Z. Zhang, J. Wang, Tetrahedron
2008, 64, 6577.
[2] Selected examples for carbocyclic cycloadducts, see: a) L. Deng, A. J. Giessert, O. O. Gerlitz, X. Dai, S. T. Diver, H. M. L. Davies, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 1342; b) H. M. L. Davies, Adv. Cycloaddit. 1999, 5, 119; c) H. M. L. Davies, B. Xing, N. Kong, D. G. Stafford, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 7461; d) H. M. L. Davies, T. J. Clark, H. D. Smith, J. Org. Chem. 1991, 56, 3819; e) Y. Liu, K. Bakshi, P. Zavalij, M. P. Doyle, Org. Lett. 2010, 12, 4304; f) J. P. Olson, H. M. L. Davies, Org. Lett. 2008, 10, 573.
[3] For oxacyclic cycloadducts, see: a) X. Xu, W.-H. Hu, P. Y. Zavalij, M. P. Doyle, Angew. Chem. 2011, 123, 11348; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 11152; b) M. P. Doyle, W. Hu, D. J. Timmons, Org. Lett. 2001, 3, 3741.

[4] For azacyclic cycloadducts, see selected reviews: a) M. P. Doyle, M. Yan, W. Hu, L. Gronenberg, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 4692; b) J. Barluenga, G. Lonzi, L. Riesgo, L. A. Lpez, M. Tomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 13200; c) M. Yan, N. Jacobsen, W. Hu, L. S. Gronenberg, M. P. Doyle, J. T. Colyer, D. Bykowski, Angew. Chem. 2004, 116, 6881; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 6713; d) X.Wang, X. Xu, P. Zavalij, M. P. Doyle, J. Am.
Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 16402; e) Y. Lian, H. M. L. Davies, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 440; f) X. Xu, M. O. Ratnikov, P. Y. Zavalij, M. P. Doyle, Org. Lett. 2011, 13, 6122; g) V. V. Pagar, A. M. Jadhav, R.-S. Liu, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 20728; h) R. P. Reddy, H. M. L. Davies, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 10312.

[5] Y. Qian, X. Xu, X.Wang, P. Zavalij,W. Hu, M. P. Doyle, Angew. Chem. 2012, 124, 6002; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 5900.
[6] Povarov reactions refer to the formal [4+2] cycloadditions of Naryl imines with enol ethers or enamines. See reviews: a) L. S. Povarov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 1967, 36, 656; b) V. V. Kouznetsov, Tetrahedron 2009, 65, 2721; c) D. Bello, R. Ramn, R. Lavilla, Curr. Org. Chem. 2010, 14, 332; d) M. A. McCarrick, Y. D. Wu, K. N. Houk, J. Org. Chem. 1993, 58, 3330; e) A. Whiting, C. M. Windsor, Tetrahedron 1998, 54, 6035.

[7] For Povarov reactions catalyzed by Brønsted acids, see selected examples: a) H. Xu, S. J. Zuend, M. G. Woll, Y. Tao, E. N. Jacobson, Science 2010, 327, 986; b) T. Akiyama, H. Morita, K. Fuchibe, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 13070; c) H. Liu, G. Dagousset, G. Masson, P. Retailleau, J. Zhu, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 4598; d) G. Dagousset, J. Zhu, G. Masson, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 14804; e) H. Ishitani, S. Kobayashi, Tetrahedron Lett. 1996, 37, 7357; f) G. Bergonzini, L. Gramigna, A. Mazzanti, M. Fochi, L. Bernardi, A. Ricci, Chem. Commun.
2010, 46, 327; g) L. He, M. Bekkaye, P. Retailleau, G. Masson, Org. Lett. 2012, 14, 3158.

[8] a) Y. Xia, Z.-Y. Yang, P. Xia, K. F. Bastow, Y. Tachibana, S.-C. Kuo, E. Hamel, T. Hackl, K.-H. Lee, J. Med. Chem. 1998, 41, 1155; b) R.W. Carling, P. D. Leeson, A. M. Moseley, J. D. Smith, K. Saywell, M. D. Trickelbank, J. A. Kemp, G. R. Marshall, A. C. Foster, S. Grimwood, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1993, 3, 65;
c) D. B. Damon, R. W. Dugger, R.W. Scott, U.S. Patent 6,689,897, 2004; d) D. A. Powell, R. A. Batey, Org. Lett. 2002, 4, 2913; e) A. Matsuhisa, K. Kikuchi, K. Sakamoto, T. Yatsu, A. Tanaka, Chem. Pharm. Bull. 1999, 47, 329; f) M. Y. Christopher, E. A. Christine, D. M. Ashworth, J. Barnett, A. J. Baxter, J. D. Broadbridge, R. J. Franklin, S. L. Hampton, P. Hudson, J. A. Horton, P. D. Jenkins, A. M. Penson, G. R.W. Pitt, P. Rivire,
P. A. Robson, D. P. Rooker, G. Semple, A. Sheppard, R. M.Haigh, M. B. Roe, J. Med. Chem. 2008, 51, 8124; g) C. Li, X. Li, R. Hong, Org. Lett. 2009, 11, 4036.

About author( Me)

Dr. Vinayak Pagar

Dr. Vinayak Pagar

Postdoctoral Research Fellow at The Ohio State University

Vinayak Vishnu Pagar was born in Nasik, Maharashtra (India) in 1983. He obtained his BSc and MSc degrees in chemistry from the University of Pune (India) in 2004 and 2006, respectively. From 2006–2010, he worked as Research Associate in pharmaceutical companies like Jubilant Chemsys Ltd. and Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. (India). In 2010, he joined the group of Professor Rai-Shung Liu to pursue his PhD degree in National Tsing Hua University (Taiwan) and completed it in 2014. Subsequently, he worked as a postdoctoral fellow in the same group for one year. Currently, he is working as a Research Scientist at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio USA. His research focused on the development of new organic reactions by using transition-metal catalysis such Gold, Silver, Rhodium, Zinc, Cobalt, Nickel and Copper metals which enables mild, diastereoselective, enantioselective and efficient transformations of variety of readily available substrates to wide range of synthetically useful nitrogen and oxygen containing heterocyclic products which are medicinally important. He published his research in a very high impact factor international Journals includes  J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.,  J. Org. Chem.,  Chem- A. Eur. Journal,  Org. Biomol. Chem., and Synform (Literature Coverage).

Dr. Vinayak Pagar

Postdoctoral Researcher

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

The Ohio State University

100 West 18th Avenue

Columbus, Ohio 43210 USA

vinayak.pagar@gmail.com

/////////Vinayak Pagar, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The Ohio State University, blog, Povarov Reaction, Carbene Generation Sequence,  Alkenyldiazocarbonyl Compounds

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Sreeni Labs Private Limited, Hyderabad, India ready to deliver New, Economical, Scalable Routes to your advanced intermediates & API’s in early Clinical Drug Development Stages

 companies, INDIA, MANUFACTURING, new drugs, PRECLINICAL, PROCESS, regulatory  Comments Off on Sreeni Labs Private Limited, Hyderabad, India ready to deliver New, Economical, Scalable Routes to your advanced intermediates & API’s in early Clinical Drug Development Stages
Jul 162016
 

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Sreeni Labs Private Limited, Hyderabad, India is ready to take up challenging synthesis projects from your preclinical and clinical development and supply from few grams to multi-kilo quantities. Sreeni Labs has proven route scouting ability  to  design and develop innovative, cost effective, scalable routes by using readily available and inexpensive starting materials. The selected route will be further developed into a robust process and demonstrate on kilo gram scale and produce 100’s of kilos of in a relatively short time.

Accelerate your early development at competitive price by taking your route selection, process development and material supply challenges (gram scale to kilogram scale) to Sreeni Labs…………

INTRODUCTION

Sreeni Labs based in Hyderabad, India is working with various global customers and solving variety of challenging synthesis problems. Their customer base ranges from USA, Canada, India and Europe. Sreeni labs Managing Director, Dr. Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla has worked at Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals and Eli Lilly based in USA.

The main strength of Sreeni Labs is in the design, development of innovative and highly economical synthetic routes and development of a selected route into a robust process followed by production of quality product from 100 grams to 100s of kg scale. Sreeni Labs main motto is adding value in everything they do.

They have helped number of customers from virtual biotech, big pharma, specialty chemicals, catalog companies, and academic researchers and drug developers, solar energy researchers at universities and institutions by successfully developing highly economical and simple chemistry routes to number of products that were made either by very lengthy synthetic routes or  by using highly dangerous reagents and Suzuki coupling steps. They are able to supply materials from gram scale to multi kilo scale in a relatively short time by developing very short and efficient synthetic routes to a number of advanced intermediates, specialty chemicals, APIs and reference compounds. They also helped customers by drastically reducing number of steps, telescoping few steps into a single pot. For some projects, Sreeni Labs was able to develop simple chemistry and avoided use of palladium & expensive ligands. They always begin the project with end in the mind and design simple chemistry and also use readily available or easy to prepare starting materials in their design of synthetic routes

Over the years, Sreeni labs has successfully made a variety of products ranging from few mg to several kilogram scale. Sreeni labs has plenty of experience in making small select libraries of compounds, carbocyclic compounds like complex terpenoids, retinal derivatives, alkaloids, and heterocyclic compounds like multi substituted beta carbolines, pyridines, quinolines, quinolones, imidazoles, aminoimidazoles, quinoxalines, indoles, benzimidazoles, thiazoles, oxazoles, isoxazoles, carbazoles, benzothiazoles, azapines, benzazpines, natural and unnatural aminoacids, tetrapeptides, substituted oligomers of thiophenes and fused thiophenes, RAFT reagents, isocyanates, variety of ligands,  heteroaryl, biaryl, triaryl compounds, process impurities and metabolites.

Sreeni Labs is Looking for any potential opportunities where people need development of cost effective scalable routes followed by quick scale up to produce quality products in the pharmaceutical & specialty chemicals area. They can also take up custom synthesis and scale up of medchem analogues and building blocks.  They have flexible business model that will be in sink with customers. One can test their abilities & capabilities by giving couple of PO based (fee for service) projects.

Some of the compounds prepared by Sreeni labs;

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See presentation below

LINK ON SLIDESHARE

Managing Director at Sreeni Labs Private Limited

 

Few Case Studies : Source SEEENI LABS

QUOTE………….

One virtual biotech company customer from USA, through a common friend approached Sreeni Labs and told that they are buying a tetrapeptide from Bachem on mg scale at a very high price and requested us to see if we can make 5g. We accepted the challenge and developed solution phase chemistry and delivered 6g and also the process procedures in 10 weeks time. The customer told that they are using same procedures with very minor modifications and produced the tetrapeptide ip to 100kg scale as the molecule is in Phase III.

 

One East coast customer in our first meeting told that they are working with 4 CROs of which two are in India and two are in China and politely asked why they should work with Sreeni Labs. We told that give us a project where your CROs failed to deliver and we will give a quote and work on it. You pay us only if we deliver and you satisfy with the data. They immediately gave us a project to make 1.5g and we delivered 2g product in 9 weeks. After receiving product and the data, the customer was extremely happy as their previous CRO couldn’t deliver even a milligram in four months with 3 FTEs.

 

One Midwest biotech company was struggling to remove palladium from final API as they were doing a Suzuki coupling with a very expensive aryl pinacol borane and bromo pyridine derivative with an expensive ligand and relatively large amount of palldium acetate. The cost of final step catalyst, ligand and the palladium scavenging resin were making the project not viable even though the product is generating excellent data in the clinic. At this point we signed an FTE agreement with them and in four months time, we were able to design and develop a non suzuki route based on acid base chemistry and made 15g of API and compared the analytical data and purity with the Suzuki route API. This solved all three problems and the customer was very pleased with the outcome.

 

One big pharma customer from east coast, wrote a structure of chemical intermediate on a paper napkin in our first meeting and asked us to see if we can make it. We told that we can make it and in less than 3 weeks time we made a gram sample and shared the analytical data. The customer was very pleased and asked us to make 500g. We delivered in 4 weeks and in the next three months we supplied 25kg of the same product.

 

Through a common friend reference, a European customer from a an academic institute, sent us an email requesting us to quote for 20mg of a compound with compound number mentioned in J. med. chem. paper. It is a polycyclic compound with four contiguous stereogenic centers.  We gave a quote and delivered 35 mg of product with full analytical data which was more pure than the published in literature. Later on we made 8g and 6g of the same product.

 

One West coast customer approached us through a common friend’s reference and told that they need to improve the chemistry of an advanced intermediate for their next campaign. At that time they are planning to make 15kg of that intermediate and purchased 50kg of starting raw material for $250,000. They also put five FTEs at a CRO  for 5 months to optimize the remaining 5 steps wherein they are using LAH, Sodium azide,  palladium catalyst and a column chromatography. We requested the customer not to purchase the 50kg raw material, and offered that we will make the 15kg for the price of raw material through a new route  in less than three months time. You pay us only after we deliver 15 kg material. The customer didn’t want to take a chance with their timeline as they didn’t work with us before but requested us to develop the chemistry. In 7 weeks time, we developed a very simple four step route for their advanced intermediate and made 50g. We used very inexpensive and readily available starting material. Our route gave three solid intermediates and completely eliminated chromatographic purifications.

 

One of my former colleague introduced an academic group in midwest and brought us a medchem project requiring synthesis of 65 challenging polyene compounds on 100mg scale. We designed synthetic routes and successfully prepared 60 compounds in a 15 month time.  

UNQUOTE…………

 

The man behind Seeni labs is Dr.Sreenivasa  Reddy Mundla

Sreenivasa Reddy

Dr. Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla

Managing Director at Sreeni Labs Private Limited

Sreeni Labs Private Limited

Road No:12, Plot No:24,25,26

  • IDA, Nacharam
    Hyderabad, 500076
    Telangana State, India

Links

LINKEDIN https://in.linkedin.com/in/sreenivasa-reddy-10b5876

FACEBOOK https://www.facebook.com/sreenivasa.mundla

RESEARCHGATE https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sreenivasa_Mundla/info

EMAIL mundlasr@hotmail.com,  Info@sreenilabs.com, Sreeni@sreenilabs.com

Dr. Sreenivasa Mundla Reddy

Dr. M. Sreenivasa Reddy obtained Ph.D from University of Hyderabad under the direction Prof Professor Goverdhan Mehta in 1992. From 1992-1994, he was a post doctoral fellow at University of Wisconsin in Professor Jame Cook’s lab. From 1994 to 2000,  worked at Chemical process R&D at Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals (P&G). From 2001 to 2007 worked at Global Chemical Process R&D at Eli Lilly and Company in Indianapolis. 

In 2007  resigned to his  job and founded Sreeni Labs based in Hyderabad, Telangana, India  and started working with various global customers and solving various challenging synthesis problems. 
The main strength of Sreeni Labs is in the design, development of a novel chemical route and its development into a robust process followed by production of quality product from 100 grams to 100’s of kg scale.
 

They have helped number of customers by successfully developing highly economical simple chemistry routes to number of products that were made by Suzuki coupling. they are able to shorten the route by drastically reducing number of steps, avoiding use of palladium & expensive ligands. they always use readily available or easy to prepare starting materials in their design of synthetic routes.

Sreeni Labs is Looking for any potential opportunities where people need development of cost effective scalable routes followed by quick scale up to produce quality products in the pharmaceutical & specialty chemicals area. They have flexible business model that will be in sink with customers. One can test their abilities & capabilities by giving PO based projects

Experience

Founder & Managing Director

Sreeni Labs Private Limited

August 2007 – Present (8 years 11 months)

Sreeni Labs Profile

Sreeni Labs Profile

View On SlideShare

Principal Research Scientist

Eli Lilly and Company

March 2001 – August 2007 (6 years 6 months)

Senior Research Scientist

Procter & Gamble

July 1994 – February 2001 (6 years 8 months)

Education

University of Hyderabad

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), 
1986 – 1992

 

PUBLICATIONS

Article: Expansion of First-in-Class Drug Candidates That Sequester Toxic All-Trans-Retinal and Prevent Light-Induced Retinal Degeneration

Jianye Zhang · Zhiqian Dong · Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla · X Eric Hu · William Seibel ·Ruben Papoian · Krzysztof Palczewski · Marcin Golczak

Article: ChemInform Abstract: Regioselective Synthesis of 4Halo ortho-Dinitrobenzene Derivative

Sreenivasa Mundla

Aug 2010 · ChemInform

Article: Optimization of a Dihydropyrrolopyrazole Series of Transforming Growth Factor-β Type I Receptor Kinase Domain Inhibitors: Discovery of an Orally Bioavailable Transforming Growth Factor-β Receptor Type I Inhibitor as Antitumor Agent

Hong-yu Li · William T. McMillen · Charles R. Heap · Denis J. McCann · Lei Yan · Robert M. Campbell · Sreenivasa R. Mundla · Chi-Hsin R. King · Elizabeth A. Dierks · Bryan D. Anderson · Karen S. Britt · Karen L. Huss

Apr 2008 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

Article: ChemInform Abstract: A Concise Synthesis of Quinazolinone TGF-β RI Inhibitor Through One-Pot Three-Component Suzuki—Miyaura/Etherification and Imidate—Amide Rearrangement Reactions

Hong-yu Li · Yan Wang · William T. McMillen · Arindam Chatterjee · John E. Toth ·Sreenivasa R. Mundla · Matthew Voss · Robert D. Boyer · J. Scott Sawyer

Feb 2008 · ChemInform

Article: ChemInform Abstract: A Concise Synthesis of Quinazolinone TGF-β RI Inhibitor Through One-Pot Three-Component Suzuki—Miyaura/Etherification and Imidate—Amide Rearrangement Reactions

Hong-yu Li · Yan Wang · William T. McMillen · Arindam Chatterjee · John E. Toth ·Sreenivasa R. Mundla · Matthew Voss · Robert D. Boyer · J. Scott Sawyer

Nov 2007 · Tetrahedron

Article: Dihydropyrrolopyrazole Transforming Growth Factor-β Type I Receptor Kinase Domain Inhibitors: A Novel Benzimidazole Series with Selectivity versus Transforming Growth Factor-β Type II Receptor Kinase and Mixed Lineage Kinase-7

Hong-yu Li · Yan Wang · Charles R Heap · Chi-Hsin R King · Sreenivasa R Mundla · Matthew Voss · David K Clawson · Lei Yan · Robert M Campbell · Bryan D Anderson · Jill R Wagner ·Karen Britt · Ku X Lu · William T McMillen · Jonathan M Yingling

Apr 2006 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

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Article: Studies on the Rh and Ir mediated tandem Pauson–Khand reaction. A new entry into the dicyclopenta[ a, d]cyclooctene ring system

Hui Cao · Sreenivasa R. Mundla · James M. Cook

Aug 2003 · Tetrahedron Letters

Article: ChemInform Abstract: A New Method for the Synthesis of 2,6-Dinitro and 2Halo6-nitrostyrenes

Sreenivasa R. Mundla

Nov 2000 · ChemInform

Article: ChemInform Abstract: A Novel Method for the Efficient Synthesis of 2-Arylamino-2-imidazolines

Read at

[LINK]

Patents by Inventor Dr. Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla

  • Patent number: 7872020

    Abstract: The present invention provides crystalline 2-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3-[6-amido-quinolin-4-yl)-5,6-dihydro -4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazole monohydrate.

    Type: Grant

    Filed: June 29, 2006

    Date of Patent: January 18, 2011

    Assignee: Eli Lilly and Company

    Inventor: Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla

  • Publication number: 20100120854

    Abstract: The present invention provides crystalline 2-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3-[6-amido-quinolin-4-yl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazole monohydrate.

    Type: Application

    Filed: June 29, 2006

    Publication date: May 13, 2010

    Applicant: ELI LILLY AND COMPANY

    Inventor: Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla

  • Patent number: 6066740

    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for making 2-amino-2-imidazoline, guanidine, and 2-amino-3,4,5,6-tetrahydroyrimidine derivatives by preparing the corresponding activated 2-thio-subsituted-2-derivative in a two-step, one-pot procedure and by further reacting yields this isolated derivative with the appropriate amine or its salts in the presence of a proton source. The present process allows for the preparation of 2-amino-2-imidazolines, quanidines, and 2-amino-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidines under reaction conditions that eliminate the need for lengthy, costly, or multiple low yielding steps, and highly toxic reactants. This process allows for improved yields and product purity and provides additional synthetic flexibility.

    Type: Grant

    Filed: November 25, 1997

    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000

    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company

    Inventors: Michael Selden Godlewski, Sean Rees Klopfenstein, Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla, William Lee Seibel, Randy Stuart Muth

TGF-β inhibitors

US 7872020 B2

Sreenivasa Reddy Mundla

The present invention provides 2-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3-[6-amido-quinolin-4-yl) -5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazole monohydrate, i.e., Formula I.

Figure US07872020-20110118-C00002

EXAMPLE 1 Preparation of 2-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3-[6-amido-quinolin-4-yl-5,6-dihydro-4H -pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazole monohydrate

Figure US07872020-20110118-C00008

Galunisertib

1H NMR (CDCl3): δ=9.0 ppm (d, 4.4 Hz, 1H); 8.23-8.19 ppm (m, 2H); 8.315 ppm (dd, 1.9 Hz, 8.9 Hz, 1H); 7.455 ppm (d, 4.4 Hz, 1H); 7.364 ppm (t, 7.7 Hz, 1H); 7.086 ppm (d, 8.0 Hz, 1H); 6.969 ppm (d, 7.7 Hz, 1H); 6.022 ppm (m, 1H); 5.497 ppm (m, 1H); 4.419 ppm (t, 7.3 Hz, 2H); 2.999 ppm (m, 2H); 2.770 ppm (p, 7.2 Hz, 7.4 Hz, 2H); 2.306 ppm (s, 3H); 1.817 ppm (m, 2H). MS ES+: 370.2; Exact: 369.16

ABOVE MOLECULE IS

https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/05/04/galunisertib/

Galunisertib

Phase III

LY-2157299

CAS No.700874-72-2

 

 

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Accelerating Generic Approvals by Dr Anthony Crasto

KEYWORDS   Sreenivasa Mundla Reddy, Managing Director, Sreeni Labs Private Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana, India,  new, economical, scalable routes, early clinical drug development stages, Custom synthesis, custom manufacturing, drug discovery, PHASE 1, PHASE 2, PHASE 3,  API, drugs, medicines

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ILOPERIDONE

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Feb 102014
 

Iloperidone(Fanapt)

Iloperidone (Fanapt), ILO-522, HP-873, Zomaril, 133454-47-4, antipsychotic

1-[4-[3-[4-(6-Fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-1-piperidinyl]propoxy]-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone; 1-[3-(4-Acetyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)propyl]-4-(6-fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)piperidine; 4′-[3-[4-(6-Fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-1-piperidinyl]propoxy]-3′-methoxyacetophenone

Aventis Pharma (Originator), Novartis (Licensee), Titan (Licensee)Vanda Pharmaceuticals (Licensee)

Iloperidone(Fanapt) is a monoamine directed towards acting upon and antagonizing specific neurotransmitters, particularly multiple dopamine and serotonin receptor subtypes.

Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and debilitating mental disorder that affects approximately 2.4 million Americans, around 1.1% of the population. The net cost of this disorder is staggering as estimates from 2002 reveal this disorder to cost $62.7 billion. A major issue with the treatment of schizophrenia is that patients show varying levels of response and tolerance to available therapies. Although the symptoms of the disease are very severe, estimates show that approximately 3 out of 4 patients discontinue medication prior to completing 18 months of treatment, many times due to the severe side effects of the approved medications.

Synthesis

J.T. Strupczewski, K.J. Bordeau, Y. Chiang, E.J. Glamkowski, P.G.
Conway, R. Corbett, H.B. Hartman, M.R. Szewczak, C.A. Wilmot andG.C. Helsley, J. Med. Chem., 38, 1119 (1995).

US 4355037
V. Miklos, WO Patent 031497 (2010).
J.T. Strupczewski, EP Patent 0402644 (1990)

The product is protected by the U.S. Pat. No. 5,364,866, U.S. Pat. No. RE 39198 E and EP 402644 B1.U.S. Pat. No. 5,364,866 and U.S. Pat. No. 5,663,449.EP 542136, EP 612318, EP 730452, JP 95501055, JP 97511215, US 5364866, US 5776963, WO 9309102, WO 9511680.US 4355037,EP 0542136; EP 0612318; EP 0730452; EP 0957102; EP 0959075; EP 0959076; EP 0963984; JP 1995501055; JP 1997511215; US 5364866; US 5776963; WO 9309102; WO 9511680

The first reported synthetic method for Iloperidone is described in patent EP 402644 A1.

In U.S. Patent US5776963 and patent family EP4 (^ 644, there is disclosed a method for preparing iloperidone,

The synthetic method reported(4, 5) for 1 involves two chemical steps: O-alkylation of acetovanillone (2) with 1-bromo-3-chloropropane (3) to obtain chloro derivative 4 followed byN-alkylation of piperidine intermediate 5 with 4. The reported process for 4 comprises O-alkylation of 2 with 3 in acetone in the presence of potassium carbonate for 20 h to provide 4as an oil after usual work up, which was then vacuum (0.1 mmHg) distilled to collect desired product 4 at 141–143 °C with around 85% yield (Scheme 1, Path A). Some of the drawbacks of this process are as follows: longer reaction time (around 20 h), formation of 6–7% of dimer impurity (10, Scheme 2), high-vacuum distillation to achieve the quality, which is always a cumbersome process at industrial scale, requiring special apparatus and skill set, and degradation and charring of some portion of product during high-vacuum distillation. Further, the next step comprises N-alkylation of 4 with 5 in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) in the presence of potassium carbonate to provide iloperidone (1) as a crude solid, which was purified by crystallization using ethanol to yield pure 1 with 58% yield (Scheme 1, Path A). Some of the lacunae observed with the above process includes the following: (a) low yields, (b) formation of carbamate impurity 13 (Scheme 2) in the range 15–20% due to the use of potassium carbonate, (c) ineffective purification by crystallization using ethanol to eliminate carbamate impurity below 0.15%, and (d) iloperidone obtained by the above synthetic process was beige in color.

Figure
Scheme 1. Reported (Path A) and Improved (Path B) Process for Preparation of 1
Figure
Scheme 2. Flow Chart Representing the Formation of Impurities
A few other improved processes reported…(Improved and Efficient Process for the Production of Highly Pure Iloperidone: A Psychotropic Agent)subsequently for 1 follow the same reaction sequence (Scheme 1, Path A) using compounds 4 and 5 as key starting materials with different bases and solvents.(6-13) However, the reported processes do not address a control mechanism for impurities 8911, and 13 (Scheme 2) formed during the synthesis of 1. In order to eliminate these impurities, the reported processes involve employment of multiple purifications using a single solvent or mixture of solvents or purification by means of formation of the acid addition salt of 1 followed by converting back to pure 1.(6-13)

The synthetic route is as follows:

The reaction of piperidine-4-carboxylic acid (I) with formic acid and acetic anhydride gives 1-formylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid (II), which is treated with SOCl2 and acetic anhydride to yield the corresponding acyl chloride (III). The Friedel-Crafts condensation of (III) with refluxing 1,3-difluorobenzene (IV) by means of AlCl3 affords 4-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-1-formylpiperidine (V), which is treated with hydroxylamine in refluxing ethanol to give the corresponding oxime (VI). The cyclization of (VI) by means of NaH in hot THF/DMF yields 6-fluoro-3-(1-formylpiperidin-4-yl)-1,2-benzisoxazole (VII), which is treated with HCl in refluxing ethanol to afford 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole (VIII). Finally, this compound is condensed with 4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyacetophenone (IX) by means of K2CO3 in hot DMF. The intermediate 4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyacetophenone (IX) can be obtained by condensation of 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone (IX) with 3-chcloropropyl bromide (X) by means of NaH or K2CO3 in DMF.

Figure CN102443000AD00032

Iloperidone, also known as FanaptFanapta, and previously known as Zomaril, is an atypical antipsychotic for the treatment ofschizophrenia.

 

Accordingly, 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidyl)-1,2-benzoxazole 1 and 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxy-phenyl]ethanone 2 were heated in presence of potassium carbonate using dimethylformamide solvent to afford 1-[4-[3-[4-(6-fluoro-1,2-benzoxazol-3-yl)-1-piperidyl]propoxy]-3-methoxy-phenyl]ethanone also called Iloperidone

It was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States on May 6, 2009.

It’s not yet approved in India.

Hoechst Marion Roussel Inc. made initial inquiries into the drug; however, in May 1996, they discontinued research, and in June 1997 gave research rights to Titan Pharmaceuticals. Titan then handed over worldwide development, manufacturing and marketing rights to Novartis in August 1998. On June 9, 2004, Titan Pharmaceuticals announced that the Phase III development rights have been acquired by Vanda Pharmaceuticals. The original launch date was scheduled for 2002. On November 27, 2007, Vanda Pharmaceuticals announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had accepted their New Drug Application for iloperidone, confirming the application is ready for FDA review and approval. On July 28, 2008, the FDA issued a “Not Approvable” letter to Vanda Pharmaceuticals concerning the drug, stating that further trials are required before a decision can be made concerning marketed usage of iloperidone.

Chemically designated as 1-[4-[3-[4-(6-fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-1-piperidinyl]propoxy]-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone, is a second generation atypical antipsychotic agent. Iloperidone, also known as Fanapt, Fanapta, and Zomaril, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States on May 6, 2009 and is indicated for the acute treatment of schizophrenia in adults. Iloperidone has been shown to act as an antagonist at all tested receptors. It was found to block the sites of noradrenalin (α2C), dopamine (D2A and D3), and serotonin (5-HT1A and 5-HT6) receptors.(2) In addition, pharmacogenomic studies identified single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with an enhanced response to iloperidone during acute treatment of schizophrenia. It is considered an “atypical” antipsychotic because it displays serotonin receptor antagonism, similar to other atypical antipsychotics. The older typical antipsychotics are primarily dopamine antagonists.(3)

Iloperidone won FDA approval for use treating schizophrenia in the United States on May 6, 2009

Iloperidone (1-[4-[3-[4-(6-fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazole-3-yl)-1-piperidinyl]propoxy]-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone) is an atypical new-generation antipsychotic medicament belonging to the class of piperidinyl-benzisoxazole derivatives, which is used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other psychiatric conditions. Iloperidone acts as a serotonin/dopamine receptor antagonist (5-HT2A/D2).

Iloperidone, also known as Fanapt, Fanapta, and previously known as Zomaril, is an atypical antipsychotic drug used for the treatment of schizophrenia. The chemical name of iloperidone is l-[4-[3-[4-(6-fluoro-l,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-l- piperidinyl]propoxy] -3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone.

EP 0402644 patent discloses first synthetic route of synthesis of iloperidone as shown in Scheme I, which consists of alkylation reaction between l-(4-(3-chloropropoxy-3- methoxyphenyl)ethanone of the formula (II) and 6-fluoro-3-piperidin-4-yl-l ,2 benzisoxazole hydrochloride of the formula (III) in presence of potassium carbonate in N,N dimethyl formamide. The reaction has been subsequently worked up and the compound of formula (I) is extracted from water using ethyl acetate. The compound of formula (I) is purified by crystallization using ethanol. The overall yield of compound of formula (I) is 58%.

Figure imgf000003_0001

Formula (I)

SCHEME 1 Further, we have analyzed the reported synthetic route for synthesis of iloperidone; following limitations have been observed and identified in the reported synthetic route:

a) The yield obtained using said synthetic route as reported in US RE39198 is 58%. Hence, this route of synthesis is not cost efficient at commercial scale due to low yield;

b) Use of potassium carbonate as a base in reaction leads to formation of carbon dioxide as one of the side products during the reaction, which further hinders in the manufacturing process by actively participating in manufacturing process and thereby leads to the formation o

Figure imgf000004_0001

Formula (IV)

which is in the range of 15-20%, and thereby resulting in low yield of iloperidone;

c) Purification by crystallization using ethanol as a solvent is not effective in eliminating or controlling carbamate impurity below 0.15% as per the ICH guide lines for the known impurities; and

d) Iloperidone obtained by the above synthetic process is beige in colour.

CN101768154 discloses the synthesis of iloperidone by N-alkylation reaction between l-(4-(3- chloropropoxy-3-methoxyphenyl)ethanone of the formula (II) and 6-fluoro-3-piperidin-4-yl-l,2 benzisoxazole hydrochloride of the formula (III) in inorganic alkaline solution, particularly; alkali metal carbonate solution. We have analyzed the reported synthetic route for synthesis of iloperidone and have observed and identified that the use of alkaline carbonate solution leads to the formation of carbamate impurity in the range of 1 to 1.5%.

Several patents were published after, describing essentially the same synthetic way such as US5364866 and US5663449.

The synthesis of iloperidone is described in USRE39198 (corresponding to EP 0 402 644 example 3) according to the following synthesis scheme:

Figure US20130261308A1-20131003-C00002

In agreement with said patent, the intermediate isolated, 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone, is reacted with 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride in N,N-dimethyl formamide at 90° C. for 16 hours. When the reaction is complete, the mixture is poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The crude product thus obtained is crystallised twice from ethanol to give crystallised iloperidone with a total yield of 58%.

The yield of this process is very low; moreover, the process begins with two isolated intermediates, and requires an aqueous extractive work-up step with an increase in volumes and consequent reduction in the productivity and efficiency of the process. Said process also requires a double crystallisation step to obtain a beige product. The quality levels obtained are not described in the text of the example, but a beige color does not suggest a high-quality product, as iloperidone is a white substance.

The synthesis of intermediate 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,366,162. Example 1 describes the preparation of said intermediate by reacting acetovanillone with 1-bromo-3-chloropropane in acetone with potassium carbonate. At the end of the reaction the resulting product is purified by distillation and obtained as an oily intermediate which is left to stand in order to obtain the solid intermediate.

The synthesis of intermediate 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone is also disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,810,713. Preparation 12 describes the synthesis of said intermediate from acetovanillone and 1-bromo-3-chloropropane in sodium hydroxide alkalinized water. At the end of the reaction the product obtained is extracted in toluene, the organic phases are washed with basic aqueous solutions and finally, the intermediate 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone is crystallised with the aid of diisopropyl ether. The intermediate isolated is then recrystallised twice from cyclohexane and twice from petroleum ether.

An alternative process for the synthesis of iloperidone is reported in CN 102070626.

Scheme 2 shows the synthesis procedure:

Figure US20130261308A1-20131003-C00003

The decision to alkylate acetovanillone with 1-chloro-3-propanol requires an extra synthesis step (to convert the OH group to an OR leaving group) compared with the procedure reported by the combination of patents USRE39198 (EP402644) and U.S. Pat. No. 4,366,162/U.S. Pat. No. 4,810,713, making said process less efficient from the economic standpoint.

WO2011061750 discloses an alternative iloperidone synthesis process as reported in Scheme 3:

Figure US20130261308A1-20131003-C00004

Said process uses reagents such as methyl magnesium chloride to effect the Grignard reaction to convert the aldehyde group to a secondary alcohol group, which are much more complicated to manage on an industrial scale than the synthesis methods previously described. Moreover, the oxidation reaction of the next step uses reagents such as chromic acid or potassium permanganate, which have a very high environmental impact and very low industrial applicability.

WO2011055188 discloses a process for the synthesis of iloperidone comparable to the one reported in USRE39198 from two isolated intermediates 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone and 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride. The same patent application also gives preparation examples of the intermediate 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone isolated as crystalline solid by procedures similar to those known in the literature.

CN 101824030 reports an iloperidone synthesis method similar to that of CN 102070626 which involves the same problems of inefficiency due to the additional step of inserting the leaving group required for alkylation with 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride.

CN 101781243 discloses an alternative iloperidone synthesis process as reported in Scheme 4.

Figure US20130261308A1-20131003-C00005

Said process is not advantageous compared with the preceding processes as the intermediate with the oxime group, due to the nature of this functional group, is particularly liable to degradation due to the action of numerous factors such as the presence of metals, acid pHs and basic pHs.

CN101768154 discloses a process for the synthesis of iloperidone comparable to the one reported in USRE39198 from two isolated intermediates, 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone and 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride.

CN 101735208 describes a process for the synthesis of iloperidone comparable to the one reported in CN 101781243, namely through the intermediate with the functional oxime group.

IN 2007MU01980 discloses a process for the synthesis of iloperidone comparable to the one reported in USRE39198 from two isolated intermediates, 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone and 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride.

WO 2010031497 describes an alternative iloperidone synthesis process as reported in Scheme 5.

Figure US20130261308A1-20131003-C00006

The considerable economic disadvantage of the process reported in WO2010031497 is based on the fact that by reversing the order of alkylation and performing that of intermediate 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride first, a greater loss of yield is generated on this intermediate which, according to the literature, is more difficult to synthesise and consequently more expensive than the intermediate 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone, with a globally greater economic inefficiency of the iloperidone preparation process.

CN 102212063 discloses a process for the synthesis of iloperidone with the same arrangement of the synthesis steps as patent application WO 2010031497.

WO2011154860 describes a process for the synthesis of iloperidone wherein a phase transfer catalyst is used to prepare the intermediate 1-[4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone which, as in all the other preparation examples previously described, is crystallised, isolated and dried before use in the next step with 6-fluoro-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride. Scheme 6 shows the synthesis scheme of the process of WO2011154860.

Figure US20130261308A1-20131003-C00007

………………………………

US20100076196

Figure US20100076196A1-20100325-C00003

……………………………………

WO2012123963A2

EXAMPLE 1:

Tetrabutyl ammonium bromide (2.40 gm) was added to a stirred solution of Potassium hydroxide (0.724 kg) in mixture of Heptane (2.0L). and water (10.0L), followed by addition of 1- [4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone (2, 1.0kg) and 6-fluoro-3-piperidin-4-yl-l,2- benzisoxazole hydrochloride^, 1.1 1kg) at 30°C. This reaction mass was stirred for 15 to 20 min. The temperature of the reaction mass was raised to 70°C and was maintained for 8 to 10 hours. After completion of reaction (by TLC, Mobile Phase: Toluene/ Acetone/Ethyl acetate = 6:2:2 mL), the mixture was cooled to 30°C, diluted with dichloromethane (2.5 L) and stirred for 30 minutes. The dichloromethane layer was separated. The aqueous layer was re-extracted with dichloromethane (1.0L). The combined dichloromethane layer was washed with water (1.5L) and decolorized with activated charcoal (0.05 kg). The solvent was distilled off completely to obtain the residue. The residue obtained was dissolved in isopropyl alcohol (5.0L) at reflux temperature to obtain the clear solution. The clear solution obtained was cooled to 30°C followed by 0°C and stirred for 60 min to precipitate out crystals. The colorless crystals of compound (I) obtained were filtered. The crystalline solid was dried under vacuum (650-700 mm/Hg) to obtain pure compound (I) as a crystalline solid. HPLC analysis was performed for the crystalline solid obtained. The purity of Iloperidone, impurity profile and yield are shown in table 1 below.

Table 1 : Analysis data of iloperidone i.e. purity, yield and impurity profile.

Figure imgf000023_0001

EXAMPLE 2:

Tetrabutyl ammonium bromide (2.40 gm) was added to a stirred solution of Potassium hydroxide (0.724 kg) in mixture of Heptane (2.0L) and water (10.0L), followed by addition of 1- [4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone (2, 1.0kg) and 6-fluoro-3-piperidin-4-yl-l,2- benzisoxazole hydrochloride^, 1.1 1kg) at 30°C. This reaction mass was stirred for 15 to 20 min. The temperature of the reaction mass was raised to 70°C and maintained for 8 to 10 hours. After completion of reaction (by TLC, Mobile Phase: Toluene/ Acetone/Ethyl acetate = 6:2:2 mL), the mixture was cooled to 30°C, the reaction mixture was filtered to obtain wet crude iloperidone. Further, the obtained wet crude was dried at 60-65 °C under vacuum to furnish crude iloperidone (1.72 kg). The dried crude iloperidone was dissolved in isopropyl alcohol (5.0 L) at reflux temperature and decolorized with activated charcoal (0.05 kg). Obtained filtrate was cooled to 30°C followed by 0°C and stirred for 60 min to precipitate out crystals. The colorless crystals of compound (I) obtained were filtered. The crystalline solid was dried under vacuum (650-700 mm/Hg) to obtain pure compound (I) as a crystalline solid. HPLC analysis was performed for the crystalline solid obtained. The purity of Iloperidone, impurity profile and yield are shown in table 2 below.

Table 2: Analysis data of iloperidone i.e. purity, yield and impurity profile.

Figure imgf000024_0001

EXAMPLE-3:

……………………..

US20130261308

UPLC-MS [M+H+]=427

1H-NMR (in DMSO) (chemical shifts expressed in ppm with respect to the TMS signal): 2.06-1.78 (6H, m); 2.13 (2H, m); 2.49 (2H, t); 2.52 (2H, m); 2.97 (2H, m); 3.11 (1H, tt); 3.83 (3H, s); 4.12 (2H, t); 7.06 (1H, d); 7.22 (1H, m); 7.46 (1H, d); 7.61-7.58 (2H, m); 7.94 (1H, dd).

………………………………

.Improved and Efficient Process for the Production of Highly Pure Iloperidone: A Psychotropic Agent

Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/op400335p

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/op400335p?prevSearch=iloperidone&searchHistoryKey=

Abstract Image

The present work describes an improved and highly efficient process for the synthesis ofiloperidone (1), an antipsychotic agent, which is free from potential impurities. The synthesis comprises N-alkylation of 1-(4-(3-chloropropoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)ethanone (4) with 6-fluoro-3-piperidin-4-yl-1,2-benzisoxazole hydrochloride (5) in a mixture of water and heptane as solvent and sodium hydroxide as a base in the presence of tetrabutylammonium bromide as a phase transfer catalyst to yield iloperidone (1) with a yield of around 95% and a purity of 99.80% by HPLC. The present work also describes the optimization details performed to achieve the process attributes responsible for high yield and purity.

FT-IR (KBr, λmax, cm–1): 3031, 2949, 2779, 2746, 2822, 1669, 1614, 1585, 1510, 1462, 1448, 1415, 1380, 1313, 1262, 1221, 1177, 1150, 1123, 1077, 1034, 997, 985, 955, 884, 876, 853, 812, 781, 643, 610, 569, 475.

1H NMR (CDCl3): δ 2.03–2.10 (m, 6H), 2.12–2.18 (m, 2H), 2.55–2.56 (s, 3H), 2.58–2.60 (t, 2H), 3.02–3.09 (m, 3H), 3.91 (s, 3H), 4.10–4.19 (t, 2H), 6.91–6.93 (d, 1H), 7.01–7.06 (dd, 1H), 7.21–7.24 (dd, 1H), 7.51–7.52 (d, 1H), 7.53–7.56 (dd, 1H), 7.69–7.65 (dd, 1H).

13C NMR (CDCl3): 26.02, 26.40, 30.36, 34.34, 53.36, 54.90, 55.80, 67.16, 97.04, 97.31, 110.20, 111.02, 111.98, 112.23, 117.12, 122.36, 122.46, 123.06, 130.11, 149.00, 152.66, 160.91, 162.60, 163.53, 163.66, 165.09, 198.59.

MS (ESI, m/z): 427.2 [M + H].+

Anal. Calcd (%) for C24H27FN2O4(426.48): C, 67.54; H, 6.33; found (%): C, 67.24; H, 6.18.

HPLC

HPLC analysis developed at Megafine  India using a Hypersil BDS C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, particle size 5 μm); mobile phase A comprising a mixture of 5.0 mM ammonium dihydrogen orthophosphate buffer and 0.1% triethylamine; mobile phase B comprising a mixture of acetonitrile/methanol in the ratio 80:20 v/v; gradient elution: time (min)/A (v/v): B (v/v); T0.01/65:35, T8.0/65:35, T25.0/35:65, T35.0/35:65, T37.0/65:35, T45.0/65:35; flow rate 1.0 mL/min; column temperature 30 °C; wavelength 225 nm. The observed retention time of iloperidone under these chromatographic conditions is about 17.0 min.

…….

http://www.asianjournalofchemistry.co.in/User/ViewFreeArticle.aspx?ArticleID=25_10_2

N oxide impurity

m.p. 155-157 ºC;

FT-IR (KBr, νmax, cm-1):
3083, 2958, 2878, 1655, 1606, 1584, 1509, 1467, 1419, 1348,1273, 1223, 1182, 1143, 1121, 1032, 971, 957, 881, 857, 813,
802;

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3)

δ 1.89-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.31-2.40 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 2.60-2.72 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.52 (m,
2H), 3.29-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.52 (m, 1H),3.85 (s, 3H), 4.23(t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 7.11 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz),7.30-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.71-7.74 (dd, J = 9.3and 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.02-8.07 (dd, J = 8.7 and 5.4 Hz, 1H);

13CNMR (75 MHz, CDCl3)

δ 22.13, 24.70, 26.35, 31.49, 55.54,63.21, 67.07, 67.82, 97.51, 110.35, 111.86, 112.67, 123.11,
123.67, 129.95, 148.63, 152.22, 160.79, 163.10, 163.69,196.40;

MS (ESI, m/z): 443 [M + H]+.

Anal. calcd. (%) forC24H27N2O5F (442.19): C, 65.15; H, 6.15; N, 6.33; found (%):C, 65.11; H, 6.09; N, 6.29.

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INTERMEDIATES

Figure

Acetovanillon (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone) 6 is also a first-generation fine chemical obtained as a reaction product from the oxidation−hydrolysis of lignosulfonate LS. The compound serves as substrate in synthetic processes leading to several second-generation fine chemicals, such as acetoveratron, veratric acid, and veratric acid chloride. Moreover, recently, a new compound iloperidone REF 20,21   34 [1-(3-(4-acetyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)propyl)-4-(6-fluorobenzisoxazol-3-yl)piperidine] that includes an acetovanillon 6 moiety was reported to be under development for use as an antipsychotic dopamine D2 antagonist and a 5-HT2Aantagonist.
The synthesis of iloperidone 34 is performed by means of an eight-step synthetic process. The acetovanillon 6, which constitutes an integral part of this substance, is condensed with 3-chloropropylbromide 43 in DMF in the presence of potassium carbonate or sodium hydride as base to obtain the key intermediate 44. In the last step of the process 44 is reacted with 42 to afford iloperidone 34. The intermediate 42 is synthesised by reacting piperidine-4-carboxylic acid 35 with formic acid and acetic acid anhydride to obtain 1-formylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid 36 that upon treatment with thionyl chloride in acetic acid anhydide gives the corresponding acyl chloride 37 (1-formylpiperidine-4-carbonyl chloride). Under Friedel−Craft conditions, the acyl chloride 37 is condensed with 1,3-difluorobenzene 38 to afford 4-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)piperidine-1-carbaldehyde 39. Treatment of this intermediate with hydroxylamine in refluxing ethanol yields the oxime 40 (4-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)hydroxyiminomethyl]piperidine-1-carbaldehyde). When the oxime 40 is exposed to basic conditions by means of sodium hydride in hot DMF and THF in the following step, a cyclisation proceeds to afford benzo[d]isoxazol 41 (4-(6-fluorobenzo[d]isoxazol-3-yl)piperidine-1-carbaldehyde), which upon treatment with HCl in refluxing ethanol affords the key intermediate 42.

 

FANAPT is a psychotropic agent belonging to the chemical class of piperidinyl-benzisoxazole derivatives. Its chemical name is 4′-[3-[4-(6-Fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)piperidino]propoxy]-3′-methoxyacetophenone. Its molecular formula is C24H27FN2O4 and its molecular weight is 426.48. The structural formula is:

FANAPT® (iloperidone) Structural Formula Illustration

Iloperidone is a white to off-white finely crystalline powder. It is practically insoluble in water, very slightly soluble in 0.1 N HCl and freely soluble in chloroform, ethanol, methanol, and acetonitrile.

Title: Iloperidone
CAS Registry Number: 133454-47-4
CAS Name: 1-[4-[3-[4-(6-Fluoro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-1-piperidinyl]propoxy]-3-methoxyphenyl]ethanone
Manufacturers’ Codes: HP-873; ILO-522
Trademarks: Zomaril (Novartis)
Molecular Formula: C24H27FN2O4
Molecular Weight: 426.48
Percent Composition: C 67.59%, H 6.38%, F 4.45%, N 6.57%, O 15.01%
Literature References: Combined dopamine (D2) and serotonin (5HT2) receptor antagonist. Prepn: J. T. Strupczewski et al., EP402644eidem, US 5364866 (1990, 1994 both to Hoechst-Roussel); eidem, J. Med. Chem. 38, 1119 (1995).
Pharmacology: M. R. Szewczak et al., J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 274, 1404 (1995).
Clinical pharmacokinetics: S. M. Sainati et al., J. Clin. Pharmacol.35, 713 (1995).
HPLC determn in plasma: A. E. Mutlib, J. T. Strupczewski, J. Chromatogr. B 669, 237 (1995). Receptor binding study: S. Kongsamut et al., Eur. J. Pharmacol. 317, 417 (1996).
Review of pharmacology and therapeutic potential in schizophrenia: J. M. K. Hesselink, Curr. Opin. Cent. Peripher. Nerv. Syst. Invest. Drugs 2, 71-78 (2000); K. K. Jain, Expert Opin. Invest. Drugs 9, 2935-2943 (2000).
Properties: Crystals from ethanol, mp 118-120°.
Melting point: mp 118-120°
Therap-Cat: Antipsychotic.
Keywords: Antipsychotic; Benzisoxazoles; Serotonin-Dopamine Antagonist.

..

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Total synthesis outshines biotech route to anticancer drug

 drugs, new drugs, Uncategorized  Comments Off on Total synthesis outshines biotech route to anticancer drug
Aug 052013
 

euphorbia_peplus

This unassuming weed is currently the source for of the anticancer drug ingenol © Floral Images/Alamy

US scientists have developed the first efficient and scalable route for the total synthesis of ingenol – a plant-derived diterpenoid used to treat precancerous skin legions. The work offers cheaper and faster production of the drug than the current, inefficient plant extraction route, and could pave the way for the chemical synthesis of many other complex natural compounds.

read all at

http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2013/08/total-synthesis-outshines-biotech-anticancer-drug-ingenol

.

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London University discovers vital clue to how cancer spreads

 new drugs  Comments Off on London University discovers vital clue to how cancer spreads
Jun 182013
 
Cancer cell

Researchers at University College London have made a key discovery about how cancer spreads through the body, which could lead to drugs being developed to halt the process.

Scientists at the university carried out experiments on frog and zebrafish embryos and discovered a mechanism called ‘chase and run’ that showed how diseased and healthy cells follow each other around the body, reports The Telegraph.

http://www.pharmaceutical-technology.com/news/newslondon-university-discovers-vital-clue-to-how-cancer-spreads?WT.mc_id=DN_News

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